Municipal Development Counselling (MUDEC) Group .:: MUDEC GROUP ::.
  • Our Mission

    • Reducing poverty in our municipalities through encouraging gender equality and increasing citizen (End User) participation in democratic and governance processes.

Report On Gender Public Square(GPS) In Bangem

 

 

                           

Report on the Gender Public Square (GPS) on Financing for Gender Equality in Bangem Council 

26th May 2014.


                                                                                         

 

Track II Project to Institutionalize Gender Responsive Budgeting in Councils of the South West Region in Cameroon.

(77 64 94 30 / 94 34 43 52). mudecgroup@yahoo.com/mudecgroup@gmail.com    www.mudecgroup.org

To:

From: Charlie Mbonteh, Team Leader – MUDEC Group, Buea. 77 64 94 30 / 94 34 43 52

Date: 11th May 2014

Subject: Invitation to a 1 day Gender Public Square (GPS).

Dear Madam / Sir, You are hereby invited to take active part during a one day Gender Public Square on the 26th May 2014 at the Bangem Council Chambers beginning at 9am.

  • The Objective:  This forum is to discuss and adopt strategies which could enable the Municipal Council to increase Financing for Gender Equality.
  • Target Groups: Elected Councilors, Women & Youth Representatives.
  • Justification: After a recent study of 6 pilot councils in the region, MUDEC Group & Partners observed that local councils do not engage in gender disaggregated analysis thus their budgets largely do not carry specific activities that benefit a cross section of society including persons living with disabilities, widows, school drop outs and other socio-professional groups. It is within this mindset that this GPS is organized in Bangem for 30 participants including all female elected councilors.

 

v  All invited participants are requested to come along with photocopies of their National ID Cards.

v  All Female councilors should also bring along the 2014 Bangem Council Budget, the 2013 Administrative Accounts which were recently adopted.

 

Sincerely yours,

II. List of Participants:

Participants included elected Councilors, committee chairpersons, representatives of technical services as well as women, youth and socio professional groups.

No Names Town / Village Profession Contacts
1 Kanzelle Amate Ndibse Teacher 76 12 91 09
2 Ngolle Grace Muebah Councilor 74 03 72 99
3 SonAlobwede Florence Muambong Councilor 78 68 76 20
4 Ebude Abolle Katty Ntcho II Councilor 79 74 44 54
5 Sone Ahone Christiana Mbat Councilor 77 55 44 14
6 Ewanoge Emih Muambong Women’s Forum 50 95 90 85
7 Ngide Rose nange Ebamut Councilor 78 66 57 41
8 Mbongwe Philip Bangem Police 96 18 77 92
9 Nnane Judith Mbole Bangem Midwife 96 04 20 63
10 Tabi Anastasia Akang Ndibse Nurse 73 27 99 39
11 Mwene Joseph Membong Bangem MINADER 75 26 92 50
12 Nzouh Judith Mbolle Ekambeng Teacher 79 70 64 42
13 Mwene Agnes Senge Bangem WEC 51 40 53 08
14 Ehode Gladys Bangem Trader 77 70 31 89
15 Alame Elisabeth Ekambeng Bangem Forum 79 39 93 05
16 Nkale Alexander Ekane Ehum II Councilor 77 79 73 41
17 Nkwelle Evelyn Muambong Teacher 70 79 01 17
18 Sumelong George Mbuku Driver 75 93 27 10
19 Catherine Ewang Bangem MINEPAT 79 35 85 34
20 Ngide Agnes Bangem Women Forum 50 51 92 21
21 Enongenepie Mange Muetan 2nd Deputy Mayor 77 06 34 56
22 Martin Etone Bangem CAD (NGO) 77 31 31 20
23 Ntungwe Julius Bangem Councilor 78 85 00 01
24 Ekwoge Marcel Akwe Bangem MINAS 79 74 02 26
25 Asale Theckla Bangem WCPDM 79 70 40 55
26 Adille Sylvester Bangem Driver 76 16 81 79
27 Tanga Elizabeth Agi Bangem MINEPAT 90 56 38 20
28 Senge Doris Bangem BAWOFIG 78 25 58 36
29 Nkumbe Bridget Bangem Teacher 74 91 97 54
30 Epolle Anna Akang Bangem 1st Deputy Mayor 72 26 38 45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

III. GPS Program:

Time Module
9 – 10 am
  • Arrival & Registration of Participants
  • Justification / Objectives of the GPS
  • Implantation of the Project Sign Board in Bangem Town
10 -10:30 am Coffee Break
10:30 – 12 pm Presentation of Gender Audit Findings conducted in 06 Pilot Councils of the South West (Buea, Nguti, Ekondo Titi, Menji, Tinto, Kumba I)
12 – 2 pm Discussions on Findings (challenges & gaps)
2 – 3 pm Lunch Break
3 – 5:30 pm Brainstorming and validation of Strategies to Increase Financing for Gender Equality in Councils.
5:30 – 6 pm Closing / Departure

 

 

IV. Background / Rational:

Background to the activity:

Findings from Field 6 Gender Responsive Budgeting (GRB) Pilot Councils:

v  Background;

In 2010, MUDEC received funding to facilitate an initiative of Increasing Accountability in Financing for Gender Equality in Local Councils of the South West Region of Cameroon. A study of 6 pilot councils (Buea for Fako, Ekondo Titi for Ndian, Kumba I for Meme, Menji for Lebialem, Nguti for Kupe Muanenguba and Tinto for Manyu Divisions) was carried out.

6 councils adopted Municipal Decisions Bearing on GRB in 2011. Popular Gender Audits (PGA) were conducted in the 6 councils within the framework of the execution of the EU funded PASOC project. In May & June 2014, through a financial support from the European Union Civil Society Strengthening Program (PASC), several research assistants were dispatched to these councils to collect data on the implementation (successes and challenges) of GRB.

Objectives:

i)             To ascertain the degree of implementation of Municipal Decisions bearing on GRB in 6 pilot councils.

ii)           To determine the challenges encountered by pilot councils in engendering their budgets.

iii)          To propose solutions to identified gaps.

The Scope (6 councils) :

Persons reached included Mayors, Female Deputy Mayors, Committee Chairpersons, and Councilors, Secretaries General, Female Municipal Treasurers, Female Development and Finance Agents, Finance Officers, Beneficiaries of Council Services, Council collaborators including MINPROFF, MINEPAT, MINAS, MINADER.

Findings :

a)    What Council Authorities say that they do in terms of GRB is not what is practiced (process and consultations).

b)   Councils do not have Gender Disaggregated Data on planning, implementation, monitoring & evaluation of council activities. Basic gender information is limited to Women Day, Labour Day, Youth Holiday Employment, Scholarships to Youths.

c)    Council staff do not master the skills to engender the budget (see Mayors’ Action Plans, & munities of issues raised during committee deliberations)

d)   Key collaborators / partners (MINPROFF, MINEPAT, MINAS, and PNDP) do not insist on gender disaggregation for council activities. They either lack the knowledge or the will. They might even be gender blind.

e)    Beneficiaries of council activities are either unaware or nonchalant on the need to track the gender composition of council activities.

 

 

Proposed Suggestions :

1)   Create & Support Functional Women Foundations for Inclusive Governance (WOFIG) in all municipalities in the region. These foundations will sustain the sensitization of the population and maintain regular advocacy for GRB in councils.

2)   Hold regular consultations (may be quarterly) between the Council Executive, Secretary General, Municipal Treasurer, and executives of WOFIG. The objectives will centre on planning, review and evaluation of GRB in their respective councils.

3)   Create & maintain a data base on Council Funding for Gender Equality.

4)   Disseminate copies of the draft Gender Policy for Cameroon and empower WOFIG members to implement the contents with local realities.

Major concerns from the field:

}  Challenges to access information from Councils and Supervisory Authorities.

}  Train Non State Actors (women, youth, and persons with disabilities) on how to make use of the recently created Administrative Courts to seek redress to gender gaps.

}  The need for a minimum qualification for being a Councillor / Mayor.

Based on the findings from the field and in an effort to localize the suggestions from the study, a Gender Responsive Budgeting (GPS) was organized in Bangem for 30 participants including all female elected councillors, representatives of technical services, women and youth groups, socio professional associations.

 

 

V. Main Objective: This forum was to discuss and adopt strategies which could enable the Bangem Council to increase Financing for Gender Equality.

 

Specific Objectives:

ü  To sensitize development actors (Local Administrators and Non State Actors) on the need to engender the budget of Bangem Council.

ü  To facilitate the implantation of functional gender platforms within Bangem Municipality.

 

VI. Plenary Presentation:

a)    Gender Responsive Budgetary Framework in Local Councils.

Specific Objectives:

  • Identify needs of men & women in the council budget items.
  •  Assess the gender dimension of the council budget.

b)   What is Gender Budgeting (GB) important?

  •  Expenditure and revenue that address gender inequality by identifying its impacts on women and girls/ men and boys.
  • Budget items reflect that the needs, interest and priorities of the disadvantaged gender (or social categories, boys/girls, men/women, aged, marital status).
  • GB reflects values, power relations and political priorities, as it has differential impacts on women and men.

c)    Budgets appear to be Gender neutral, why? They:

  • Are formulated on aggregate amounts and items, not people.
  •  Ignore the different social roles, responsibilities and capacities of women and men.  (Who contributes and enjoys what?)
  •  Have the same effect on everyone to serve the “public interest” and needs of all person.

v  No budget is gender neutral, if a budget is not gender focused then it is gender blind.

d)   Why gender Budgets.

  • To promote gender equality, empower the marginalized, raise the social and economic status of women and men.
  • To enhance participation, democracy and good governance, as budget policies articulate the voice and concerns of women and men.

e)    How do we measure gender dimension of a budget. (Gender audit)       

  • Self-assessment, identifying perceptions on how gender issues are addressed in internal organization and programming of activities.
  • Examine if activities in system address gender equality and empowerment.
  • Gender social audit or gender budget audit.
  • Elaborate a Gender Action Plan to mainstream gender.

f)     Gender Budget Audit:  

  • Evaluating the achievement of gender equality in the budgetary process and content.
  •  Content: Focus on amounts and patterns of expenditure and revenue which promote gender equality.
  •   Process level:  Focus on transparency and participation as entry points for influencing budget priorities, at each stage of intervention.

g)    Gender Audit Matrix: Actors in the Budgetary Process:

Phases Actors Gender ratios
Preparation Mayor

SG, finance clerk (FC), Municipal Treasurer (MT), councillors, SDO

 
Implementation Mayor

SG, finance clerk (FC), Municipal Treasurer (MT), finance controllers, councillors SDO

 
Consolidation and evaluation Mayor

SG, finance clerk (FC), Municipal Treasurer (MT), finance controllers, councillors SDO, state control

 

                                                

}  What about the Development Agent, Finance Agent

}  What about Non State Actors (women, youth, socio-professional groups?)

From the council organizational chart showing roles and responsibilities, identify the main actors in the budget process and complete the gender audit Metric table below:

Phases Actors Gender ratios Outcomes/results
    Men  Women     Equality  empowerment
           
           
           
Grand Total (%)        

NB: The mayor is also a councillor.

 

VII. Group work:

 

Analysis of the Budget Process in Bangem Council.

 

1 Preparation

–          Twelve females (32%)

–          Twenty six males (68%)

2    Preparation proper: thirty one (31) actors are involve

–          Twenty one males (68%)

–          Ten females (32%)

3 Analysis: Actor during analysis are as follows; Mayors, SG finance, clerk, development agent, councilors total sixteen (16).

–          5 females are involved (31%)

–          11 males are involved (69%).

4 Adoption: men (69%) women (31%).

5 Implementation: There are six (6) actors who implement the budget of which five are males (80%) and one is female (20%)

6 Consolidation: Those who are involved are 31 including 21 males (68%), 10 females (32%).

7 Approval: During the approval phase, the actors include 25 councilors and the supervisory authority; females constitute 31% while males constitute 69%.

 

Conclusion from the Analysis:

Despite the fact that women in Bangem municipality constitute more than 50% of the population, less than 30% of the key actors in the budgetary process are female they are found out that less than 3% of women are involved in the budgeting process in the Bangem Council.

Gender audit result is that the number of women participation in the budget process is 8 out of 31 council officials concerned in the policy making and execution of the budget. Gender ratio therefore stands at 1:3.

In conclusion, we observe that there is gender inequality thus there is need to empower women for decision making positions in Bangem Council.

 

 

 

VIII. Participants’ Reactions / Worries:

 

  • BAWOFIC: Inclusive Governance

Madame Ngallame Doris stood and elaborated much on inclusive governance. She started by saying that a woman is one who is capable of doing that which is necessary and productive. This is why we have women who are teachers, buyam sellam, farmers etc. Councilors have the right to meet the executive to ensure effective follow up. Women have to work hand in glove with the delegate of women empowerment so as to forge ahead. A woman should stop hindering a woman’s progress so as to strengthen a woman’s forum. A woman should learn to educate herself by reading extensively, instead of focusing only in the kitchen, farms or folding our hands.

Like the Sumediang women, BAWOFIG can equally engage in awarding scholarships to girl children especially the vulnerable in order to fill the gap between the rich and the poor. That BAWOFIG has the wish to construct toilets around the market.

  • Like Mr. Martin Etone, Mr. Muene reacted by encouraging BAWOFIG to form a cooperative in which they will have to seek for assistance from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.
  • The facilitator made it clear that there should be cooperation between the various clans in order to enhance effective development. He equally stated that BAWOFIG should not be politically based.
  • The 1st Deputy Mayor appreciated the efforts of both Madam Ngalame and the resource coordinator. She presented the gender committee members and ended with a sense of optimism towards the association.
  • The Delegate of Public Affairs reacted by pointing out that the handicapped or disabled were supposed to be invited in the seminar. This point was welcomed and given a positive response.

 

Participants Worries about Women Involvement in the Budgeting Phase:

  • Few women involved during community participation.
  • Low councilor’s participation at committee levels during deliberations.
  • Restriction of budgeting analysis to the finance committee. What about councilors in other committee?
  • How are councilors involved in budget implementation?
  • Some councilors vote the budget without proper understanding of the details. It was found useful to detail the budget to the understanding of all.
  • Need to put in place a councilor’s union in the division (Tombel, Bangem and Nguti)
  • Need to create food/ vegetable cooperatives.
  • Need to have Monitoring and Evaluation committee within the council to ensure follow up of activities of the council.

 

 

 

 

 

 

VII. Way Forward (ACTIONS ANEW!!):

 

To close the gap between where you are and where you want to be begin with the creation of 2 Gender Platforms in Bangem Council as follows:

 

Bangem Women Foundation for Inclusive Governance (BOWAFIC).

Constituent members:

No Name Position Profession Contacts
1 Ngalame Doris Senge Focal Person Teaching 78 25 58 36
2 Mbong Judith Secretary Teaching 79 70 64 42
3 Nnane Judith Financial Secretary Nursing 96 04 20 63/ 78 34 00 55
4 Nkwelle Evelyn Treasurer Teaching 70 79 01 17
5 Emih Ewanoge Adviser no 1 Retired civil servant 50 95 90 85
6 Ehode Gladys Adviser no 2 Butam sellam 77 70 31 89
7 Asalle Theckla Adviser no 3 Trader 79 70 40 55
8 CAD Adviser no 4 Botanist 77 31 31 20
9 Ekweh Divine Nnoko   Control Office 79 82 08 97

 

 

 

Gender Committee in Bangem Municipality:

 

No Name Function
1 Epolle Anna (Chairperson) 1st Deputy Mayor
2 Ngwees Christina Committee Chairperson
3 Ngalame Doris WOFIG Focal person
4 Enongene Agnes SD-MINPROFF
5 Nange Rose Ngide Councilor
6 Mesumbe Lucia Councilor
7 Nhon Mbulle Julius Councilor
8 Njumewang Margaret Women Rep.
9 Kang Primus Youth Rep.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BAWOFIG Action Plan for 2014: (to be completed during BAWOFIG enlarged meeting)

No Activity Responsible Deadline
  Secure copy of GPS Report from MUDEC.    
  Sensitize for BAWOFIG membership    
  Register BAWOFIG with the SDO    
  Develop Internal Rules & Regulations    
  Restitute workshop to female groups    
  Introduce focal team to council administration    
  Sign MOU with council team    
  Introduce Focal Team to Local Administrators    
  Propose timetable for meetings with SG/MT/Mayor    
  Community plan with : local media & churches    
  Disseminate The Gender Policy in Cameroon to groups in the municipality.

 

   
  Introduce BAWOFIG to the Parliamentarians and Senator from Kupe Mwanenguba Division.    
  Secure copies of the Bangem Communal Development Plan (CDP) & analyze the gender composition.    
  Review Log frames of MINFROFF, MINAS, MINADER in CDP    
  Hold meetings with council executive on the budget & Financing Gender Activities    
  Hold meetings with council executive on the Council Contracts & Gender Implications    
  Hold meetings with MINEPAT on the Public Investment Budget & Financing Gender in Bangem    
  Write Letters of collaboration to the MP, the Senator, and Elites of Bangem.    
  Develop a Communication Plan    
  Solicit funding from partners    

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strategies to Integrate WOFIG into the Planning of Activities of the Regional / Divisional Delegations of the Ministry of Women Affairs & the Family (MINPROFF)

Integrate project gains (WOFIG / Gender Committees) into MINPROFF Gender Policy in Cameroon

Solicit Linkages between WOFIG and the Department of Gender Studies at the University of Buea, South West Region

Coach on strategies to engender the Council Budget Process

Regularly Review the CDP & the MITEF with focus on Women Empowerment Log frame

Facilitate the mobilization & organization of WOFIG members for popular manifestations on inclusive governance

Develop Data base on Council Financing for Gender Equality

Sensitization of Female Councilors in each Division in Collaboration with the Women Education & Empowerment Program (WEEP)

Hold informal Preparatory & Sensitization Meetings with Mayors

Support gender sensitive analysis, gender budgeting and women’s empowerment in local development processes

Provide advice and support to local councils to ensure the full participation of women in policy consultation, policy development and policy review processes

Support the Ministry of Women’s Affairs & the Family and the Ministry of Territorial Administration & Decentralization to effectively plan, advocate for and implement gender sensitive perspectives, effective advocacy and initiatives to empower women and increase their participation in governance.

Develop guidance & training on gender mainstreaming for local authorities

Support mainstreaming of gender perspectives in the planning and implementation of all project activities

 

 

Guidelines for Engendering the Council Budget using the Budget Process

(Measurable Performance Indicators)

No Process Level Period Persons Involved How Involved Indicators for Council Authorities Indicators for WOFIG Expected Results
1 Consultations            
 
         
 
         
 
   
2 Draw up            
 
         
 
   
3 Deliberations            
 
         
 
   
4 Approval            
 
         
 
   
5 Execution /

M & E

 

           
 
   
       
 
   
       
 
 

 

 

 

Financing for Gender Equality in Bangem Council

 (The case of three key sectors from the Communal Development Plan)

 

WOMEN EMPOWERMENT AND THE FAMILY:

                           Strategy Indicators Sources of Verification Assumptions
Level Formulation
Overall Objective Gender equality and equity increased

 

By 2015,at least 40%  of women in the municipality take decisions that favour them and have access and control over resources -Testimonies

-Administrative Reports

Negative cultural practices reduced
Specific Objective Empowerment of women personally, economically culturally socially and politically increased By 2015, at least 40% of women in the municipality are personally, socially, politically, economically and cultural empowered and less violated -Administrative reports

-Testimonies

Negative cultural practices reduced
Results Assistance to widows increased At least 30% of widows receive assistance and can meet up with their daily needs -Testimonies

-Administrative Reports

Favorable policy framework

-solidarity among women ensured

Knowledge of women on their rights increased By 2014, at least 40% of women in the municipality know their rights and implement them -Testimonies

-Administrative Reports

Collaboration of all main stakeholders
Income level of women increased At least 40% of women increase their income level by at least 5% Yearly and use their income wisely -saving books

-Testimonies

-Business Records

-favorable policy framework

-Solidarity among women ensured

– Enabling business climate

Education level of women and increased Enrollment of Girls in schools at all levels increase yearly by at least 5% and school drop outs reduced by at least 20% -Enrollment Registers

-Attendance book

Socio-cultural practices hindering the Girl child education reduced
Functional capacity of women empowerment center increased At least 60% of elaborated programs of women Empowerment center are realized yearly and trainees apply knowledge and skills acquired -Visits

-Testimonies

-Administrative reports

Favorable policy frame work
ACTIVITIES QUANTITY PLACE COST(FCFA)
R 1.Assistance to widows increased      
1.1 Organise widows into Common Initiative groups 10 From selected villages 300 000
1.2 Train widows on income generating activities 2 trainings for 10 CIGs From selected villages 4,000,000
1.3 Assist widows with capital to start small businesses 10 CIGS From selected villages 10 000 000
R2 Knowledge of women on their Rights increased      
2.1 Sensitise Women on their rights 8 sensitization meetings Bangem, Nninong,Mwambong, Nhia, Elung, Ebamut, Mbwogmut, Muetan 4,000,000
R3 Income level of women increased      
3.1 Train women on income generating Activities 20 Trainings for 500 women All villages 10,000,000
3.2 Support women with capital through credits to start small Businesses 500 Selected from all the villages 500,000,000
R4 Education level of women increased      
4.1 Sensitize the population on the importance of Girl Child Education 63 All villages 15 000,000
4.2 Award scholarships at all levels(primary, secondary, high school, and university) to promote the Girl Child Education 100 Selected from all the villages 10,000,000
R5.Functional capacity of women empowerment center increased      
5.1.Supply basic equipment 1 lot Women Empowerment center Bangem 10 000 000
5.2 Request for the transfer of  qualified staff 3 staff

 

Women Empowerment Center Bangem ( 2 trips to Buea and yaounde) 300 000

 

SOCIAL AFFAIRS :

                           Strategy Indicators Sources of Verification Assumptions
Level Formulation
Overall Objective Living conditions of vulnerable persons improved By 2015, at least 40% of vulnerable persons have their basic needs yearly -Testimonies

-Administrative Reports

-Favorable policy framework
Specific Objective Social services to vulnerable persons improved At least 50% of vulnerable persons have access to social services -Administrative reports

-Testimonies

Enabling  Economic and political climate
Results Data on vulnerable persons made available By 2015, Data on vulnerable persons made available and regularly updated -Data on vulnerable persons Documents properly stored
Social Centre put in place By 2013, at least 1  social Centre is put  in place and functional -Administrative Reports

-Visits

Favorable Policy Framework
Assistance to vulnerable persons increased At least 30% of vulnerable persons receive assistance yearly (kind or cash)  

-Administrative Reports

Favorable policy framework

-Enabling economic conditions

ACTIVITIES QUANTITY PLACE COST(FCFA)
R1 Data on vulnerable persons made Available      
1.1 Identify vulnerable persons 63 villages All the villages 5 000,000
1.2 Establish and update data (soft, Hard) 2  -soft & 2 hard Bangem 100,000
R2 Social Centre put in place      
2.1 Request for the construction of a Social Centre 1 Bamgem 100,000
2.2 Request for the transfer of Social Workers 4 Bamgem 100 000
R3 Assistance to vulnerable persons increased      
3.1 Provide wheel chairs, white Canes, tricycle, Food items etc. to vulnerable persons 200 Selected from all villages 10 000 000
3.2 Organise vocational training of vulnerable persons 10 Trainings All villages 5 000 000

 

 

AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT:

                           Strategy Indicators Sources of Verification Assumptions
Level Formulation
Overall Objective Food stuff for consumption and sales regularly available in the Municipality At least 50% of the population consume at least 2 meals a day yearly -Testimonies

-Administrative reports

Favorable economic conditions
Specific Objective Agricultural production & productivity increased Crop yields increase by at least 5% yearly -Farm records

– Administrative reports

-Favorable climatic conditions
Results  Soil quality improved At least 40% of farmers use organic and inorganic fertilizers and increase their yields by at least 2% yearly -Farm visits

– Administrative reports

Bush fires reduced
Use of improved planting materials

increased

At least  40% of farmers use improved planting materials each planting season Farm visits

– Administrative reports

Affordable planting materials made available
Use of pesticides increased Infestation by pest and disease reduced by at least 5% yearly Farm visits

Administrative reports

Epidemics reduced
Transportation  of crops improved At least 30% of farmers transport their crops using push trucks by 2014 Administrative reports

-Testimonies

Enabling economic climate
Storage, processing and marketing of produce improved At least 40% of farmers store and process at least 30% of their produce before sales at good prices Testimonies

Visits

Administrative reports

Affordable storage and processing equipment made available
ACTIVITIES QUANTITY PLACE COST(FCFA)
R1 soil quality improved      
1.1  train farmers on soil improvement methods 63 All villages 6.300 000
R2 Use of improved planting materials  increased      
2.1 sensitize farmers on the use of improved planting materials 63 All villages 3.150 000

 

2.2Distribute planting material to farmers Maize-6000kg, Cassava -200,000 cuttings, Plantain suckers- 20,000 yams setts-20,000 All villages 6.300,000
R3. Use of pesticides increased      
3.1 Train farmers on pest and disease control 63 All villages 6.300,000
R4 transportation of crops improved      
4.1  support farmers with push trucks through loans 500 Farmers Selected from all villages 30,000,000
R5 Storage, processing and marketing of produce improved      
5.1 Train farmers on storage processing and marketing of farm produce 63 All villages 6.300 000
5.2 link farmers up to processing equipment manufacturers All villages  
5.3  Construct Cocoa ovens 6 Selected villages 6,000,000
5.4 Construct warehouses 8 Selected villages 80,000,000
5.5 Organise farmers into marketing cooperatives 10 cooperatives Selected villages 1,000,000

 

Performance Assessment.

By Anu Vincent.

We carry out performance assessment to measure what has changed positively as a result of doing a given set of activities over a certain period. In the case of gender based results assessment in our councils, this will be based on the activities retained in the action plan for the year, mid- term or long term basis.

A useful starting point for such assessment in the council will be the communal development plan. Objectives in the plan envisage changes on a long term basis.  Results in the plan are changes that should occur to lead to the long term change. Activities are the concrete things that are done to cause change. These are usually stated in the form of micro projects.

Taking the example of a communal plan below:

Sector: Women Empowerment and Promotion of the Family

Overall Objective: Reduce social inequality for women (60% of women in the municipality enjoy their rights and assume their duties).

The specific objective that will enable us to reach this target in the objective is stated as:

Specific Objective: Reinforce social cohesion through improved gender equity and equality (Number of women actively participating in political and economic activities increases by 40% by end of 2015).

To attain the target in the specific objective we must achieve results e.g. :

Result 1: Participation of women in decision making is increased. (By end of 2014 at least 30% of positions in local decision making structures (the Council, traditional councils, associations etc.) are held by women.

Several activities will have to be realized to obtain the result and its target:

1.1.1: Sensitisation of the population on women and family rights

1.1.2: Organisation of trainings for women’s groups on rights and political participation

1.1.3. Lobbying of political parties and authorities on quotas for women’s representation

1.1.4. Organisation of trainings for women candidates for political office

In order to assess the achievement of the objectives, results and activities stated here above, we have to put in place a monitoring and evaluation system.

Monitoring is a continuous function that uses the systematic collection of data on specified indicators to provide management and the main stakeholders of an ongoing development intervention with indications of the extent of progress and achievement of objectives and progress in the use of allocated funds.

Evaluation is the systematic and objective assessment of an ongoing or completed project, program, or policy, including its design, implementation, and results. The aim is to determine the relevance and fulfilment of objectives, development efficiency, effectiveness, impact, and sustainability.

Monitoring and evaluation are done using indicators.

An indicator is a standard of measure. It is stated in terms of:

ü  Quantity

ü  Quality

ü  Time

ü  Location

 

Example from a Literacy Programme: 20% of previously illiterate women in Nkikoh Village are able to read and write simple sentences within 6 months of starting the program.

An indicator should be objectively verifiable.

}  It can be measured

}  It is clear

}  It is relevant

}  It is independent of  other indicators

}  It can be verified

For gender based performance measurement we have to ensure that:

  • Objectives, results, outputs (benefits from activities) are inclusive of desired gender targets.
  • Indicators can lead to a verification of positive changes in gender relations
  • Data  collected in the course of monitoring and evaluation is gender disaggregated

Finally it is important to always measure our performance because:

  • If you do not measure results, you cannot tell success from failure.
  • If you cannot see success, you cannot reward it.
  •  If you cannot reward success, you are probably rewarding failure.
  •  If you cannot see success, you cannot learn from it.
  • If you cannot recognize failure, you cannot correct it.
  •  If you can demonstrate results, you can win public support.

(Source: Adapted from Osborne & Gaebler 1992).

 

For Brainstorming & Reflections in Bangem:   

In the construction of a pit toilet regarding the Hygiene and Sanitation program of your council;

  • Distinguish between the two concepts, efficiency and effectiveness with regards to the execution of the gender budget.
  • Discuss the concept of efficiency and effectiveness in the allocation of such budget expenses.

 

 

 

                CHALLENGES TO WOMEN POLITICAL PARTICIPATION

 

Tradition and Cultural Perception

  • The traditional woman has been made to belief that politics and marriage cannot be merged.

Illiteracy

  • Lack of adequate education submerges them into the political dictates of the men and most often they do more hand clapping and dancing to entertain the male audience at political rallies.

Poverty and lack of Finance

  • Most women are still heavily dependent on their husbands & male friends financially, and very few husbands especially will want to encourage their wives to get actively involved in politics.

Domestic and Social Constraints

  • Many women face the triple burden of attending to childcare,, household chores and livelihood including care of the sick and elderly person.
  • With such a workload, they have less time to devote to political post and the thought of her going into politics and running for any of these openings is a far-fetched imagination even when she is qualified to do so.

The P.H.D Syndrome

  • Women are themselves a major obstacle, and the evil side in all of these is called the P.H.D. or “Pull Her Down” syndrome, which has women working against each other.

The MAMI FOWL Syndrome

  • Women admire being the only one amongst men in high places. They do not groom others to replace or even compete with them. They scare away other women.

Political Environment

  • The uneven political playing field on which women are invited to compete acts as a deterrent to the women.
  • As a result of male dominance, political life is organized for male norms and values.

 

WOMEN AND HUMAN RIGHTS

 

ü  No one shall be subjective to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

ü  Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each region.

ü  Everyone has the right to leave any Country including his / her own, and to return to his/her country.

ü  Everyone has the right to a nationality

ü  No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his / her nationality nor denied the right to change his / her nationality.

ü  Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality, tribe or religion, have the right to marry and found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.

ü  Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses

ü  The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the state.

ü  Everyone has the right to own property alone as in association with others.

ü  Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.

ü  Everyone, without any discrimination has the right to equal pay for equal work.

ü  Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for him / herself and his / her family in existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.

ü  Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his / her interests.

ü  Everyone has the right to education.

 

WOMEN POLITICAL RIGHTS.

The Right to Vote and be Elected:

v  The convention obligates States parties in their constitutions and laws to take appropriate steps to ensure that women, on the basis of equality with men, enjoy the right to vote in all elections and referendums and also to be elected.

v  These rights must be enjoyed de jure (by law) and de facto (in actual fact or practically).

The Right to participate in formulation of government policy

v  This requires the state to ensure that women have the right to participate fully in and be represented in public policy formulation in all sectors and at all levels.

 

The Right to Participate in Non-Governmental, Public and Political Organizations

v  Political parties are an important vehicle in decision-making roles and so they as well as government ought to encourage the full and equal participation of women in their activities.

v  They must also ensure that women have an equal opportunity in practice to serve as party officials and to be nominated as candidates for election.

 

WOMEN IN POLITICS

Formation of Political Parties

v  The law of 19th December 1990 on political parties clearly in section 2 grants freedom to all Cameroonian males or females to form and carry out political activities in the Country.

Eligibility into Post of President of the Republic

v  Every Cameroon man or woman in possession of his /her full civic rights has the rights to stand for the post of the President of the Republic irrespective of sex.

 

WOMEN IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT

  • Women are more open to change.
  • Women can criticize intelligently while smiling.
  • Women are more concrete and practical.
  • Women are not interested in politicking but want results.
  • Women can perform better than men if they want to work.
  • Women bring more impact.
  • Women use knowledge more efficiently than a man because a man prefers to drink but women want to increase income.

WAYFORWARD

 

v  Women should create powerful lobbying groups and mechanisms that will act as a fast track approach to increasing women’s access into the political arena. (Women Foundation for Inclusive Governance.. WOFIG)

v  Political parties, NGOs and even trade unions should help women within their organizations to systematically promote women’s participation from the bottom & upwards.

v  Women should get actively involved within the political parties and be responsible enough to take up leadership roles, and be part of the much needed support of an active women’s movement (WOFIG).

v  Women politicians from different parties should also be encouraged to get together and create a women’s voice, an eventually create a national forum for women (WOFIG).

v  Women should be able to gain confidence in women and efforts should be made to build the confidence of women to stand out and to run for offices (WOFIG).

v  Women should be able to review and challenge electoral processes and discriminatory practices that hunt women’s aspirations to decision-making, including violence against women.

v  WOFIG should facilitate the creation and functioning of a University Women forum.

v  WOFIG should use all women forums within the Region to disseminate information.

v  Women Political Leaders should use the media as much as possible (women friendly media; meeting houses, Church announcements ..etc).

v  Even though there is need to pursue numerical representation; women should also lobby for women representatives who will be effective in promoting gender equitable change (WOFIG).

v  The Divisional Delegations for Women Empowerment and the Family should facilitate the registration of women to vote.

v

 

Women interested in tabling their candidature for Council, Parliament & Senate should start the ground work now!!!

 

           WOMAN YOUR TIME IS NOW, DO NOT MISS IT.

 

Bangem Women Foundation for Inclusive Governance

(BAWOFIG)

v  Analyze where you are as at 26th May 2014 .

v  Make Concrete Projections where you want to be as at September 30th 2018 & Beyond .

v  Elaborate Practical Strategies accompanied by a Follow-up Plan that will enable you to get to your 2018 Projections .

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

BAWOFIG & MUDEC Group, Buea.

……. Effectively Collaborating to ensure the Bangem Woman is visibly on the Decision Making Table in Bangem Municipality.

                               Let us stay connected, Why not?

 

For further information contact:

FIDA (International Federation of Women Lawyers) Cameroon:

P.O Box 126, Limbe, South West Region, Cameroon

TelL 237) 33 33  25 17

E Mail:  fidacam@yahoo.com

Contact person: Justice Mrs.Betty Luma (President)

 

MUDEC Group:

Charlie Mbonteh

Tel: 77 64 94 30 / 94 34 43 52

Email:mudecgroup@yahoo.com / mudecgroup@gmail.com

Visit: www.mudecgroup.org

 


Final Report Finding on Gender Responsive Budgeting(GRB)

 

REPORT ON GENDER RESPONSIVE BUDGETING (GRB) STUDY CONDUCTED IN 06 PILOT COUNCILS WITHIN THE

SOUTH WEST REGION.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Presented to: MUDEC Group, Buea.

Presented by CEMUS Consultants.

Presented on: 18th June 2014.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Title Page Number
Executive Summary  
Introduction / Justification  
Objectives  
Scope  
Findings / Analysis per Council  
Challenges encountered  
Recommendations  

 

List of Abbreviations

No Abbreviation Full Meaning
  CEMUS Center for Municipal Studies
  CDP Communal Development Plan
  GRB Gender Responsive Budgeting
  MINADER Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development
  MINAS Ministry of Social Affairs
  MINEPAT Ministry of  Economy  & Regional Planning
  MINPROFF Ministry of Women Affairs & the Family
  MITEF Mid Term Expenditure Framework
  MUDEC Municipal Development Counselling Group
  NSA Non State Actors
  PASC / EU Civil Society Strengthening Program / European Union
  PGA Popular Gender Audit
  WOFIG Women Foundation for Inclusive Governance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. I.                Executive Summary:

The Gender Responsive Budgeting (GRB) study of six (06) pilot councils in the South West Region was commissioned by MUDEC group within the framework of a collaborative agreement with the European Union Civil Society Strengthening Program (PASC). The study was carried out as a follow up to a previous project which had an expected result to cause the six pilot councils to adopt municipal decisions bearing on Gender Responsive Budgeting (GRB). The objective of this study was to find out the level of implementation of the municipal decisions.

The consultants of the Center for Municipal Studies (CEMUS) organized preparatory meetings to develop data collection tools including questionnaires and checklists. Phone calls were made to engage the authorities of the respective councils for effective field visits. During field visits, more than one thousand persons were contacted either individually or in groups. They included local authorities, council staff, and beneficiaries of council services including non state actors, council collaborators, traditional and religious authorities and scholars of local government.

The findings from those contacted were as diverse as the individuals themselves. From total lack of knowledge on the function of the local council to nonchalance and laissez faire attitudes of persons for whom the councils are created to serve. From the findings it is obvious that both male and female decision makers are gender blind in the distribution of council services. While some of the councils had several females employed in strategic positions there was the absence of a commitment from council authorities to enforce gender disaggregation in terms of beneficiaries to council services.

During restitution meetings held in each council area and with the students of the University of Buea Departments of Women & Gender Studies, Anthropology, Sociology and Accounting, practical local solutions were proposed including the creation and support of functional Women Foundations for Inclusive Governance (WOFIG) and a Gender Committee in each council area. These gender platforms will ensure that the agenda for increasing financing for gender equality is put sustainably put on the decision making tables of local councils. These gender platforms are currently being put in place in councils in the region including Bangem, Nguti, Ekondo Titi, Tombel and Mbonge.

It is highly expected that the gains from the conduct of this study will usher a new wave of thinking and advocacy toward correcting the historical gaps created by male domination in society.

  1. II.                  Background to the Study:

In 2010, MUDEC received funding to facilitate an initiative of Increasing Accountability in Financing for Gender Equality in Local Councils of the South West Region of Cameroon. A study of 6 pilot councils (Buea for Fako, Ekondo Titi for Ndian, Kumba I for Meme, Menji for Lebialem, Nguti for Kupe Muanenguba and Tinto for Manyu Divisions) was carried out and in 2011 these six councils adopted municipal decisions bearing on gender responsive budgeting after popular gender audits.

In May and June 2014, through a request from MUDEC to PASC, another study was commissioned to ascertain the level of implementation of the municipal decisions.  The following constitutes findings from six pilot GRB councils of the South West Region of Cameroon.

  1. III.                Objectives of the Study:
  • To ascertain the degree of implementation of Municipal Decisions bearing on GRB in 6 pilot councils.
  • To determine the challenges encountered by pilot councils in engendering their budgets.
  • To propose solutions to identified gaps.

 

  1. IV.               The Scope /Tools / Methodology :

Buea for Fako, Ekondo Titi for Ndian, Kumba I for Meme, Menji for Lebialem, Nguti for Kupe Muanenguba and Tinto for Manyu.

Persons reached included Mayors, Female Deputy Mayors, Committee Chairpersons, and Councilors, Secretaries General, Municipal Treasurers,  Development and Finance Agents, Finance Officers, Beneficiaries of Council Services (Non State Actors or NSA), Council collaborators including Persons reached included Mayors, Female Deputy Mayors, Committee Chairpersons, and Councilors, Secretaries General, Female Municipal Treasurers, Female Development and Finance Agents, Finance Officers, Beneficiaries of Council Services, Council collaborators including MINPROFF, MINEPAT, MINAS, and MINADER.

The opinions of one thousand and seventy one (1,071) individuals were solicited either through questionnaires, semi structured questions, checklists and focus group discussions (see table showing council by council breakdown.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The study reached a total of one thousand and seventy one (1,071) individuals either personally or in groups. Below is a breakdown:

COUNCILS Persons contacted
  Men Women Youth Physically Challenged Others
  50 and Older 36 to 49 50 and Older 36 to 49 Male (20 to 35) Female

(20 to 35)

Cripple Blind Widows Street Children Single Mothers Sex Workers
Buea

30

40

30

40

20

20

10

5

15

5

20

Ekondo Titi

20

30

20

30

20

20

03

2

10

10

Kumba I

50

40

50

40

20

20

10

5

15

5

20

Menji

25

20

25

20

20

20

02

10

10

Nguti

20

15

20

15

20

20

02

10

10

Tinto

15

15

15

15

20

20

02

10

10

Total

160

160

160

160

120

120

19

12

70

10

80

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


  1. V.             Findings & Analysis per Council:

Data base for Financing for Gender Equality (2010 to 2013) in 6 pilot councils in the South West Region.

No Council 2010 2011 2012                                2013
1 Buea  l 5.236,832 youth Employment 17.417,315 youth Employment 11.279,562 youth Employment 5.235,832 youth Employment
    1,000.000 3.041,675 3,000.000 1,000.000
    200,000 women Group 651,933 women Group 6,000.000 women Group 5.500,000 women Group
2 Ekondo Titi 2.500,000 (W. Day) 2.500,000 (W. Day)  Same Same
       500,000 ( W. Groups) 500,000 ( W. Groups) same same
       500,000 (Youth Day)    500,000 (Youth Day) same same
        500,000 ( 20th May) 500,000 ( 20th May)  same  
        250,000 (R.W. Day) 300,000 (R.W. Day ) same  
3 Kumba II Not Available 3,000.000 1,000.000 3.140,000
      (Temporary Jobs for youths-boys, girls) (Temporary Jobs for youths-boys, girls) (Temporary Jobs for youths- boys, girls)
      5,000.000 2,000.000 2,000.000
      (grants to schools) (grants to schools) (grants to schools)
      5,000.000 2,000.000 1,000.000
      (social centers- Women groups) (social centers- Women groups) (social centers- Women groups)
4 Nguti 100,000 (women day) 100,000 (women day) 100,000 (women day) 200,000 (women day)
    200,000 (A.W. Day) 200,000 (A.W. Day) 200,000 (A.W. Day) 250,000 (A.W. Day)
    200,000(W.Empowerment 200,000(W.Empowerment 200,000(W.Empowerment 500,000(W.Empowerment
    50,000 (W. Associations) 50,000 (W. Associations) 50,000 (W. Associations) 100,000 (W. Associations)
    300,000 (Youth Day) 300,000 (Youth Day) 300,000 (Youth Day) 300,000 (Youth Day)
    1,000.000(Y. Employment). 1,000.000(Y. Employment). 1,000.000(Y. Employment). 1,000.000(Y. Employment).
5 Menji 500,000 (women Gps) 500,000 (women Gps) 500,000 (women Gps) 1.000,000 (women Gps)
    700,000(Mayor’s cup) 700,000(Mayor’s cup) 700,000(Mayor’s cup) 1.000,000(Mayor’s cup)
    400,000 (internal sports) 400,000 (internal sports) 400,000 (internal sports) 500,000 (internal sports)
6 Tinto 50,000 (Women Day) 50,000 (Women Day) 150,000 (Women Day) 250,000 (Women Day)
    900,000 (Youth Day) 900,000 (Youth Day) 950,000 (Youth Day) 1.000,000 (Youth Day)
    1,000.000 (Holiday Jobs) 1,000.000 (Holiday Jobs) 1,500.000 (Holiday Jobs) 2,000.000 (Holiday Jobs)
    1,000,000 ( For Disables) 1,000,000 ( For Disables) 1,000,000 ( For Disables) 1,000,000 ( For Disables)

 

No Council Person Contacted (category) Key Responses / Observations
1 Buea (Fako Division) Female Deputy Mayor
  1. The function of a councilor is to seat in council sessions to deliberate.

 

  1. Chairperson is not consulted during budget preparation. Role is limited to deliberation and adoption.
  2. Not aware why she is not consulted
  3. The council has no gender dimension in its budget.
  4. The council is indifferent on gender issues
  5. There is no grouping of female councilors
  6. Gender issues are not considered in the council budget since the  authorities do not see the need
  7. Gender should be incorporated in council budgets because it ensures justice, fairness and promotes equality.
  8. The challenges in incorporating gender include insuring that the authorities see the need for this and to encourage women to advocate regularly.
  9. To overcome these challenges, the authorities need to be trained on gender budgeting.
  10. We need to involve female councilors and some beneficiaries too in the trainings.

 

Female Committee Chairperson
    Secretary General
  • Our challenges include having funds to make up for the percentage in gender disparity.
  • Need for  adequate numbers of women and youths to make up for the gap in decision-making positions.
  • There is the challenge in over-coming apathy by women in leadership position and other public life.
  • We also need to cause Service Heads to see the need for gender and to institute fair salaries as a motivation.
  • The budgetary process starts with mobilization of public-stakeholders (taxation, businesspersons, women etc.) for the meeting. Next the elaboration by Council executive which is followed by the Council session.
  • Persons involved are the SG, the Treasurer, Municipal Service Heads and the Council Executives.
  • The Treasurer is involved from the start to the end to give information. The Service Heads are involved during elaboration. At implementation, it is only the Mayor, the Treasurer and the SG who are involved through the entire process.
  • Business persons are the main target for revenue collection.
  • We consider some scholarship allocation for the youths especially girls, and some support for women.
  • The council has a Council Development Plan (CDP) and a strategic Plan.
  • During elaboration of the CDP, gender was considered and some allocation is always considered for gender (e.g. support to girls, women’s Day support) during implementation.
  • Shall be willing to acquire skills in engendering the budget
  • The skills shall help us to overcome some of our challenges
    Collaborators of the Council:

 

 

1)      The nature of the collaboration between the Buea Council and the above service is horizontal. MINPROFF is usually invited in Council sessions during Project Development, to give a view point.

2)      There is gender consideration in the collaboration

3)      The views of women are considered for example during celebrations like Women’s Day, the Council gives support and that the Women Empowerment Center is regularly supported by the council.

4)      Gender is important because women are the majority and women take care of the community

5)      Our collaboration can be engendered through education; by providing equal chances for all, no forced marriages, businesses places for women, land and inheritance rights, promoting women in decision-making positions etc.

6)      MINEPAT supports the Buea Council in project realization. That MINEPAT goes all over to gather project information that can enhance development.

7)      Gender is considered.

8)      MINEPAT  looks at gender considerations in terms of the impact of a project on the public

9)      Government depicts projects and MINEPAT does monitoring in different communities.

10)  We do just control and provide advice.

11)  Councils have their tender boards. That MINEPAT can enhance our collaboration with Councils through proper communication of the Growth and Strategy Paper, and to also provide them with technical advice when there is a need

    Beneficiaries of Council Services:

 

  1. Have fair knowledge on Council functions and of services provided by the council
  2. Have  benefited from some council services like support given to women during Women Day activities, the construction of basic infrastructures like public toilets, market stores.
  3. Have no knowledge about the Council budgetary process and have never been invited for it.
  4. Did not vote during the 2013 elections because there is always rigging so she is not interested.
  5. Shall run as a councilor in other to ensure the implementation of women’s project
  6. Will also vote for a female councilor to increase their influence
  7. Have little knowledge how the council functions but knows the council executes projects like grading of roads, cleaning of the town, build market shades and public toile
  8. Have benefited from council services like collection of waste, and utilization of market structures
2 Ekondo Titi (Ndian Division)  Female Deputy Mayor:

 

  • Handles town planning, collect market tolls, handles sanitation and social issues like Youth Day and Women Day activities.
  •  Partially consulted during budget preparation and her role is to give suggestions on issues that she handles as stated above.
  • The council always has the gender dimension in budgeting. This is by including the needs of women and others in every budgetary session, but the different target groups are not separated.
  • Bbelongs to groupings of Female Councilors and Mayors. She is a member of the tender board of Mayors where she represents the Ekondo Titi Mayor. She is also a member of the South West Association of Female Mayors.
  • Ensures that gender is always incorporated in the council budget. This is done by mainstreaming gender in all issues. At such the situation of gender has increased.
  • Gender should be incorporated because women and youth are the most vulnerable and marginalized.
  • A major challenge is to develop the spirit of advocacy in the different gender groups and to overcome traditional practices like limited economic and political powers allocated to women and the youth.
  •  Also enable women to develop more self-confidence. Also to stop early marriages.
  • To overcome these challenges, we need sensitization with targeted percentages to be realized, not just decisions on paper. We need government policies with the approved articles to be respected by all.

 

     Council Accountant:

 

  1. Gender places a role in his work and that of the council in general. That out of 25 workers, 11 are female and in the Finance Department there is one female cahier, one female clerk and one female finance agent.
  2. Beneficiaries are analyzed in terms of gender, since in budgeting Ekondo Titi Council always considers maternity leaves for women. Social issues like Women’s Day are always considered. Women forums benefit also. He said over 500,000 FRS was benefited last year women forums and an organization like the Council Women Association had 150,000 FRS. Some others also benefited.
  3. The Council analyzes in terms of gender. So they are gender responsive in budgeting
  4. The analysis is done quantitatively in Ekondo Titi and the frequency is every year.
  5. The role of the Treasurer is to provide statistics of beneficiary groups of the previous year so that the council can know whether to improve on services and how. The Treasurer also ensures the payment of staff benefits to insurance.
  6. The challenges include getting adequate number of beneficiaries in groups. If gotten, it helps in supporting quantitatively. They also envisage the challenge in getting groups registered in the council and other services around
  7. We envisage these problems because thorough findings and elaborate communication are not easily done about groups.
    1. In engendering the budget, the council should always invite the Treasurer and Finance Agents in all budget sessions
    Council Collaborators:

 

  • The relationship with the Ekondo Titi Council is cordial. MINPROFF is always invited for the Ekondo Titi Council budgetary sessions and the Council helps to sponsor Women Day activities, Rural Women Day and the Day of the Family. Also helps to give free legalization of marriages.
  • Gender considerations are important because it helps to reduce marginalization and ensure equality of all.
  • The council can further do promotion of gender by supporting women with equipment not only finance and could even help Common Initiative Groups(CIGs) to develop or increase in the council area.
  • Support to women does not go far to grassroots level but support to CIGs can go far, even to rural areas.
    Council Beneficiaries:

 

ü  The council functions with directives from the Mayor as the head. The other authorities have assigned roles while the staffs are delegated on assignments. Every year, a budget is developed and adopted by councilors during budgetary sessions. Various stakeholders are also invited for the budget adoption. Implementation of identified projects is then done.

ü  The council provides support for infrastructure, education, health and other social support.

ü  Have not benefited in any council service except from stipends in the cause of doing work.

ü  Have no knowledge of the council budgetary process

ü  Not consulted as a beneficiary group

ü  The council provides infrastructure and  maintenance, clean the town, and provides holiday jobs.

3 Kumba I (Meme Division) Secretary General,
  • Budget building starts with an orientation meeting with stakeholders
  • Those involved in budgeting include the Secretary General (SG) who chairs in process, there is the Finance Clerk, the Treasurer, and the Mayor
  • The Finance Clerk provides administrative documents, the Treasurer complements and provides bank statements, while the SG builds the budget.
  • The target groups considered in budgeting are youths and women
  • The gender dimension is considered but timidly because there are few women who work in that domain and the few here are not proactive.
  •  The challenges in engendering our budget are having proactive men and available women
  • We need skills to engender our budget
  • Skills acquired shall make everyone to be proactive and to be engaged in collecting data on gender issues
    Committee Chairpersons:

 

:

1)      Functions include to go through the books and give suggestions to improve work

2)      Regularly consulted in budgeting now, but not in the past

3)      All dimensions of gender are considered when presented

4)      Gender is important because it avoids marginalization of any group.

5)      Persons involve are the Secretary General (SG) as the Chairperson, the Mayor and the Finance Committee.

6)      Committees are not given attention because of administrative lapses

7)      The Council’s budget has very little gender dimension

8)      Very few proactive women and youths in the area to ensure that the Council budget

is gender sensitive.

9)      The Council periodically, provides support to the youth and physically challenged persons.

10)  Gender issues are not our regular needs so they have no place in the budget. Notwithstanding, the everyday needs like water, good roads, construction of markets, are of much more help but to the different gender groups since it ease their operations.

 

    Collaborators of the Council:

 

  • See previous councils
    Beneficiaries of Council Services:

 

  1. In the Council, the Mayor works with his deputies and Councilors to decide on issues. That a committee develops the administrative accounts and the budget. Then the Mayor and the Secretary General (SG) decide on the implementation. The council also invites some services to take decisions when necessary
  2. The services mentioned as provided by the council include road maintenance work, project realization like water, collection of Market tolls etc.
  3. Have benefited from Council services like payments of her meeting allowances
  4. Have no knowledge of the stages in the budget preparation.
  5. Regularly invited  to question issues during the budgetary session
  6. Contributes by  questioning issues for clarification
  7. Also gives advice during sessions
  8. Do not participate in the process or stages but during the last buildup session involving all.
4 Menji (Lebialem Division) Secretary General, 1) The budget building starts with an orientation meeting with stakeholders

2) Persons involved include the SG as Chairperson, the Finance Clerk, the Treasurer, and the Mayor

3) The Finance Clerk provides administrative documents, the Treasurer complements and provides bank statements, while the SG builds the budget.

4) The target groups considered are; youths, women, – but the council is not very gender sensitive.

5)  The gender dimension was considered but these are not many because there are no women who work in that domain.

6) Female staff are not proactive.

6) The Council has a Communal Development Plan (CDP)

7) Nothing affects the CDP process on elaboration, implementation, monitoring and investment because nothing is talked about Gender Responsive Budgeting.

8) The challenges in engendering the budget here are having proactive men and available women

9) Said they need skills to engender their budget

10) Skills acquired shall make everyone to be proactive and to be engaged in collecting data on gender issues.

 

    Committee Chairpersons:

 

 

Same as Ekondo Titi Council.

    Collaborators of the Council:

 

1)      The nature of the collaboration between the Menji Council and the above service is horizontal, she said. MINPROFF is usually invited in Council sessions during Project Development, to give a view point.

2)      That there is gender consideration in the collaboration

3)      The view of women is considered for example on water projects; women are the most touched, since they often go out for it. During celebrations like Women’s Day, the Council gives support. The Women Empowerment Center is run by the Mayor though the Center has a Director. But the Mayor is a vote holder.

4)      Gender considerations are very important

5)      Gender is important because women are the majority and women take care of the community

6)      Our collaboration can be engendered through education; by providing equal chances for all, no force marriages, businesses places be encouraged for women, land and inheritance right, promoting women in decision-making positions etc.

    Beneficiaries of Council Services:

 

Similar results from previous councils
5 Nguti (Kupe Muanenguba Division) Female Deputy Mayor:

 

  1. Duties as the Deputy Mayor is to handle town planning, handle marketing, tolls, sanitation and social issues like Youth Day and Women Day activities.
  2.  Partially consulted during budget and her role is to give suggestions on related issues above.
  3. The council always has the gender dimension in budgeting. This is by including the needs of women and others in every budgetary session. But though trained on budget preparation, different target groups are not separated because if this is done, it becomes a stigmatization.
  4. Belongs to groupings of Female Councilors and Mayors. She is a member of the tender board of Mayors where she represents the Nguti Mayor. She is the Chairperson of the Electricity Committee and represents women. Also a member of the South West Association of Female Mayors.
  5. Gender be incorporated because women and youth are the most vulnerable and marginalized, so need to regular attention
  6. A major challenge is overcoming traditional practices that do not give women a place. Another one is enabling women to be proactive and stop being shy. Also to stop early marriages. And to enable men to give attention to gender issues and not deft ears as many do.
  7. To overcome these challenges, we need sensitization with targeted percentages to be realized, not just decisions on paper. We need government policies with the approved articles to be respected by all.

 

     Council Accountant:

 

  1. Gender plays a role in his work and that of the council in general. That out of 26 workers, 12 are female and in the Finance Department there is One female cahier, one female clerk and one female finance agent
  2. Beneficiaries are analyzed in terms of gender since in budgeting Nguti council always considers maternity leaves for women. Social issues like Women’s Day are always considered. Women forums benefited a lot. Last year they had 400,000 FRS. Organizations like the Council Women Association had 150,000CFA Frs. Some others also benefited.
  3. The council analyzes in terms of gender, in other to be gender responsive in budgeting
  4. The analysis is done quantitatively in Nguti and the frequency is every year.
  5. The role of the Treasurer is to provide statistics of beneficiary groups of the previous year so that the council can know whether to improve on services and how. The Treasurer also ensures the payment of staff benefits to insurance.
  6. The challenges include getting adequate number of beneficiaries in groups. If gotten, it helps in supporting quantitatively. They also envisage the challenge in getting groups registered in the council and other services around.
  7. We envisage these problems because thorough findings and elaborate communication are not easily done about groups.
  8. In engendering the budget, the council should always invite the Treasurer and Finance Agents in all budget sessions

 

    Council Collaborators:

 

  • That their relationship with the Nguti council is cordial. MINPROFF is always invited for council budgetary meetings and the council helps to sponsor Women Day activities, Rural Women Day and the Day of the Family. Also helps to give free legalization of marriages.
  • That gender considerations are important because it helps to reduce marginalization and ensure equality
  • She mentioned that the council can further do promotion of gender by supporting women with tools not only finance and could even help CIGs to develop or increase in the council area.
  • That general support to women does not go far to grassroots level but support to CIGs can go far, even to rural areas.

 

     Council Beneficiaries:

 

Similar to previous councils
6 TINTO (Manyu Division)  Secretary General

 

v  The budgetary process starts with mobilization of public-stakeholders (Taxation, businesspersons, women etc.) for the meeting. Next the elaboration by Council executive, then the Council session.

v  Persons involved are the SG, the Treasurer, Municipal Service Heads and the Council Executives.

v  Shall be willing to acquire skills in engendering the budget

v  The skills shall help us to overcome short-comings

    Committee Chairperson

 

  1. Not consulted during budget preparation but only adopts
  2. The Council has no gender dimension in its budget.
  3. The Council is negligent and lacks enough knowledge on gender issues
  4. Do not belong to any grouping of female councilors
  5. Gender issues are not considered in the Council budget since authorities do not see the need
  6. Gender should be incorporated in council budgets because it ensures justice, fairness and promotes equality.
  7. The challenges in incorporating gender include insuring that the authorities see the need for this and to encourage women to advocate regularly for this.
  8. To overcome these challenges, the authorities need to be trained on gender budgeting. We need to involve female councilors and some beneficiaries too in the trainings.
    Beneficiaries of Council Services:

 

  1. Do not know how the Council functions and not aware of services provided by the council
  2. Have not benefited from the Council services; has no knowledge about the budgetary process and the last time she went in during the elaboration process was last two years and they were sent out because they were not invited. That the Council does not accept them.
  3. Did  not vote during the 2013 elections because rigging would have made it to have no difference.
  4. Shall run as a councilor in other to ensure the implementation of women’s project
  5. Will also vote for a female councilor to increase their influence
  6. Not aware how the council functions but knows the council executes projects like provision of classrooms, build market shades and toilets.
  7. Has not benefited from council services
  8. Has never been consulted during any budget session, though she was once a pioneer WCPDM member in Tinto
  9. Shall vote any female candidate because their party is greedy to gender, so needs forceful persons to promote gender.
  10. The council staff through directives from the Mayor, does tax control, and finances community projects.
  11. Services provided by the councils are cleaning of the town, provision of infrastructure, and guide against destruction by animals.
  12. Has benefited from a market shade provided by the council.
  13. Has no idea on the budget preparation process and have never been consulted on this

 


Key Observations:

}  There is a wide disparity between theory and practice of Gender Responsive Budgeting (GRB) in local councils. Council authorities are quick to narrate which supposed to be done and not what they do. This justifies a knowledgeable population that will advocate for the correct things to be done.

}  Councils do not have Gender Disaggregated Data on planning, implementation, monitoring & evaluation of council activities. Basic gender information is limited to Women Day, Labour Day, Youth Holiday Employment and Scholarships to Youths.

}  Council staff do not master the skills to engender the budget (see Mayors’ Action Plans, & munities of issues raised during committee deliberations)

}  Key collaborators / partners (MINPROFF, MINEPAT, MINAS, and PNDP) do not insist on gender disaggregation for council activities. They either lack the knowledge or the will. They might even be gender blind.

}  Beneficiaries of council activities are either unaware or nonchalant on the need to track the gender composition of council activities.

 

  1. VI.           Challenges Encountered:
  • Non State Actors (women, youth, socio professional groups) lack knowledge on the function of their local councils consequently they are reduced to grumbling on the poor services provided by the councils.
  • Councilors could not offer solutions to the gender demise because they are only consulted during deliberative sessions.
  • There is limited communication between councilors, staff and the population.
  • Challenges to access information from Local Councils and Supervisory Authorities. Information management is a major problem in all pilot councils. Council documents are filed in several locations including the homes of authorities
  • Limited knowledge on the part of Non State Actors (women, youth, and persons with disabilities) to seek redress to their plight.
  • Several locally elected officials could not articulate their functions as leaders and the quality  services they are called upon to provide.

 

 

  1. VII.         Recommendations:

ü  Review the Communal Development Plans (CDP) through the Mid Term Expenditure Framework (MITEF) to incorporate gender issues such that the Mayor’s Action Plan and the annual budgets are gender reflective.

ü  Create & support functional Women Foundations for Inclusive Governance (WOFIG) in all municipalities in the region. These foundations will sustain the sensitization of the population and maintain regular advocacy for GRB in councils.

ü  Create functional Gender Committees in each council which should be headed by a female elected official. This committee will ensure that gender issues are deliberated before the adoption of the council budget.

ü  Hold regular consultations (may be quarterly) between the Council Executive, Secretary General, Municipal Treasurer, and executives of WOFIG. The objectives will centre on planning, review and evaluation of GRB in their respective councils.

ü  Create & maintain a data base on Council Funding for Gender Equality.

ü  Train non state actors on how to make use of the recently created Administrative Courts to seek redress to gender gaps.

ü  Disseminate copies of the draft Gender Policy for Cameroon and empower WOFIG members to implement the contents with local realities.

ü  The need for a minimum qualification for being a Councillor / Mayor.

 

  1. VIII.           Conclusion:

The GRB study conducted in six pilot councils was timely because newly locally elected officials have taken office and are anxious to engage the initiative of inclusive governance. Most female councilors are eager to see the gender dimensions of budgeting increased. Gender students, practitioners and activists now have a call behind which to rally. From the recommendations, a roadmap could be developed at local levels in engendering the CDP, MITEF and the annual budget.

The creation of functional gender committees are in line with the aspirations of the Ministry of Women Affairs & the Family. Furthermore the Government of Cameroon is on record toward program budgeting which ties with the recommendation to engender the CDP through the MITEF.

It is the sincere wish from this consultancy that the recommendations should be highly circulated to all development actors within the region and Cameroon in general.

 

 

QUESTIONNAIRE FOR MAYORS and SG

This questionnaire is meant to collect data on Gender Responsive Budgeting in your Council. We will be very grateful if you responses are frank & precise.

  1. Please describe steps within the budget process of your council?­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­___________________
  2. Identify persons involved in the preparation of the budget? ____________________
  3. How & When (what stage)  are they  involved ___________________
  4. List the various target groups you consider when drawing your budgets.____________
  5. What are the various gender dimensions you consider when budgeting? __________
  6. Does your council have a Communal Development Plan? ………………………………….
  7. How did the Municipal Decision bearing on Gender Responsive Budgeting affect the CDP process (elaboration, implementation of Investments, monitoring & evaluation)
  8. Do you encounter any challenges in engendering your budgets?
  9. Would you be willing to acquire skills to engender your budget?___________________
  10. Why and How ……………………………………………………………………….

Request and Check the Administrative Accounts of the council for the last three years.

Data Needed:

  • Total Amounts received and spent for 2010, 2011 and 2012
  • Amounts spent per sector (health, education, culture, employment, Sports, water, road works, Commerce, etc)for each year
  • Amounts spent per target group (women, youth, elderly, widows, etc…) for each year

Request and Check the Public Investment Budget (PIB) for 2010, 2011 and 2012:

  • Total Amounts received and spent for 2010, 2011 and 2012
  • Amounts spent per sector for each year
  • Amounts spent per target group for each year

 

 

FEMALE DEPUTY MAYORS/COMMITTEE CHAIRPERSONS

This questionnaire is meant to collect data on Gender Responsive Budgeting in Councils. We will be very grateful if you respond to these questions frankly.

  1. How long have you been a Deputy Mayor?____________________
  2. What are your functions as Deputy Mayor? ……………………………
  3. Are you usually consulted during the budget process?_________________
  4. If yes, what is part do you play?_______________________________
  5. If no, Why are you not consulted?______________________________________
  6. Does your council budget have gender dimensions?_____________________
  7. If yes, state how;____________________________________________________
  8. If no, state why._____________________________________________________
  9. Do you belong to any grouping of female councilors or Mayors?____________
  10. If yes, why was it created (objectives)?_________________________
  11. How does it function?_________________________________
  12. If no, why not.______________________________________________________
  13. Do you ensure that gender issues are incorporated in your council budget?______________
  14. If yes, how? _________________ if no, why?………………………………………
  15. Why should gender be incorporated in council budgets ._____________
  16. In your opinion, what are some of the challenges in engendering the council budget? …………………………………………

________________________________________________________________

  1. What do you think could be done to overcome these challenges ………………

FEMALE MUNICIPAL TREASURERS

This questionnaire is meant to collect data on Gender Responsive Budgeting in Councils. We will be very grateful if you respond to these questions frankly.

  1. Does gender play a role in your work?_________________________________________
  2. Describe how, if your answer is yes.__________________________________
  3. If not, why?______________________________________________________________
  4. Do you analyze council beneficiaries on the basis of gender?  __________________
  5. If yes, why______________________________________________________________
  6. What type (quality, quantity / frequency & amounts) of contracts do women have in your council? ………………………………
  7. What role could the municipal treasurer play to engender the council budget?_______
  8. What challenges could the MT encounter in playing this role?___________________
  9. Why do you envision these problems.________________________________________
  10. In a council that has a Municipal Deliberation on Engendering the Budget, how in your opinion can the decision be enforced? …………………………………………

COLLABORATORS OF THE COUNCIL

This questionnaire is meant to collect data on Gender Responsive Budgeting in Councils. We will be very grateful if you respond to these questions frankly.

  1. What service do you represent? 1. MINPOFF             2. MINEPAT
  2. What is the nature of your collaboration with the council?_____________________
  3. Are there any gender considerations in this collaboration?____________________
  4. If yes, explain how._____________________________________________________
  5. Is it important to have gender considerations in your collaboration?_____________
  6. Why / Why not?_______________________________________
  7. How could your collaboration with the council be engendered?________________

 

BENEFICIARIES OF COUNCIL SERVICES

This questionnaire is meant to collect data on Gender Responsive Budgeting in Councils. We will be very grateful if you respond to these questions frankly.

  1. Profession: _________________
  2. Age: ___________     Sex ……………………………
  3. Highest Level of Education:____________________
  4. Do you know how the council functions?_____________________
  5. If yes, how?__________________________________________________
  6. Which services are provided by the council?__________________________________
  7. Have you benefited from any council service?   Which one and how______________
  8. Do you have knowledge about the council budget process?____________________
  9. If yes, what do you know?__________________________________________________
  10. Have you ever been consulted during the budget process?_______________________
  11. If yes, how?____________________________________________
  12. What ideas or contribution did you make?____________________________
  13.  When was the last time you were consulted?___________________________________
  14. Have you benefitted from the council budget process?_______________________
  15. Did you vote for councilors during the 2007 elections?_________________________
  16. Why or Why not?____________________________________________
  17. How did you vote?________________________________________________________
  18. Have you registered to vote in 2013?________________________________________
  19. Why?___________________________________________________________________
  20. Would you run to become a councilor?____________________________________
  21. If yes, why?__________________  If no, why? ………………………………………..
  22. Would you vote for any female candidate?_____________________________________
  23. If yes, why?______________________________________________________________
  24. If no, why? ………………………………………….

 

 

 


Data base for Financing for Gender Equality (2010 to 2013) in 6 pilot councils in the South West Region.

Data base for Financing for Gender Equality (2010 to 2013) in 6 pilot councils in the South West Region.

No Council 2010 2011 2012                                2013
1 Buea  l 5.236,832 youth Employment 17.417,315 youth Employment 11.279,562 youth Employment 5.235,832 youth Employment
1,000.000 3.041,675 3,000.000 1,000.000
200,000 women Group 651,933 women Group 6,000.000 women Group 5.500,000 women Group
2 Ekondo Titi 2.500,000 (W. Day) 2.500,000 (W. Day)  Same Same
   500,000 ( W. Groups) 500,000 ( W. Groups) same same
   500,000 (Youth Day)    500,000 (Youth Day) same same
    500,000 ( 20th May) 500,000 ( 20th May)  same
    250,000 (R.W. Day) 300,000 (R.W. Day ) same
3 Kumba II Not Available 3,000.000 1,000.000 3.140,000
(Temporary Jobs for youths-boys, girls) (Temporary Jobs for youths-boys, girls) (Temporary Jobs for youths- boys, girls)
5,000.000 2,000.000 2,000.000
(grants to schools) (grants to schools) (grants to schools)
5,000.000 2,000.000 1,000.000
(social centers- Women groups) (social centers- Women groups) (social centers- Women groups)
4 Nguti 100,000 (women day) 100,000 (women day) 100,000 (women day) 200,000 (women day)
200,000 (A.W. Day) 200,000 (A.W. Day) 200,000 (A.W. Day) 250,000 (A.W. Day)
200,000(W.Empowerment 200,000(W.Empowerment 200,000(W.Empowerment 500,000(W.Empowerment
50,000 (W. Associations) 50,000 (W. Associations) 50,000 (W. Associations) 100,000 (W. Associations)
300,000 (Youth Day) 300,000 (Youth Day) 300,000 (Youth Day) 300,000 (Youth Day)
1,000.000(Y. Employment). 1,000.000(Y. Employment). 1,000.000(Y. Employment). 1,000.000(Y. Employment).
5 Menji 500,000 (women Gps) 500,000 (women Gps) 500,000 (women Gps) 1.000,000 (women Gps)
700,000(Mayor’s cup) 700,000(Mayor’s cup) 700,000(Mayor’s cup) 1.000,000(Mayor’s cup)
400,000 (internal sports) 400,000 (internal sports) 400,000 (internal sports) 500,000 (internal sports)
6 Tinto 50,000 (Women Day) 50,000 (Women Day) 150,000 (Women Day) 250,000 (Women Day)
900,000 (Youth Day) 900,000 (Youth Day) 950,000 (Youth Day) 1.000,000 (Youth Day)
1,000.000 (Holiday Jobs) 1,000.000 (Holiday Jobs) 1,500.000 (Holiday Jobs) 2,000.000 (Holiday Jobs)
  1,000,000 ( For Disables) 1,000,000 ( For Disables) 1,000,000 ( For Disables) 1,000,000 ( For Disables)

 

 

The study reached a total of one thousand and seventy one (1,071) individuals either personally or in groups. Below is a breakdown:

COUNCILS Persons contacted
Men Women Youth Physically Challenged Others
50 and Older 36 to 49 50 and Older 36 to 49 Male (20 to 35) Female(20 to 35) Cripple Blind Widows Street Children Single Mothers Sex Workers
Buea

30

40

30

40

20

20

10

5

15

5

20

Ekondo Titi

20

30

20

30

20

20

03

2

10

10

Kumba I

50

40

50

40

20

20

10

5

15

5

20

Menji

25

20

25

20

20

20

02

10

10

Nguti

20

15

20

15

20

20

02

10

10

Tinto

15

15

15

15

20

20

02

10

10

Total

160

160

160

160

120

120

19

12

70

10

80

0

 

 

 

 

 

No Council Person Contacted (category) Key Responses / Observations
1 Buea (Fako Division) Female Deputy Mayor
  1. The function of a councilor is to seat in council sessions to deliberate.

 

  1. Chairperson is not consulted during budget preparation. Role is limited to deliberation and adoption.
  2. Not aware why she is not consulted
  3. The council has no gender dimension in its budget.
  4. The council is indifferent on gender issues
  5. There is no grouping of female councilors
  6. Gender issues are not considered in the council budget since the  authorities do not see the need
  7. Gender should be incorporated in council budgets because it ensures justice, fairness and promotes equality.
  8. The challenges in incorporating gender include insuring that the authorities see the need for this and to encourage women to advocate regularly.
  9. To overcome these challenges, the authorities need to be trained on gender budgeting.
  10. We need to involve female councilors and some beneficiaries too in the trainings.

 

Female Committee Chairperson
Secretary General
  • Our challenges include having funds to make up for the percentage in gender disparity.
  • Need for  adequate numbers of women and youths to make up for the gap in decision-making positions.
  • There is the challenge in over-coming apathy by women in leadership position and other public life.
  • We also need to cause Service Heads to see the need for gender and to institute fair salaries as a motivation.
  • The budgetary process starts with mobilization of public-stakeholders (taxation, businesspersons, women etc.) for the meeting. Next the elaboration by Council executive which is followed by the Council session.
  • Persons involved are the SG, the Treasurer, Municipal Service Heads and the Council Executives.
  • The Treasurer is involved from the start to the end to give information. The Service Heads are involved during elaboration. At implementation, it is only the Mayor, the Treasurer and the SG who are involved through the entire process.
  • Business persons are the main target for revenue collection.
  • We consider some scholarship allocation for the youths especially girls, and some support for women.
  • The council has a Council Development Plan (CDP) and a strategic Plan.
  • During elaboration of the CDP, gender was considered and some allocation is always considered for gender (e.g. support to girls, women’s Day support) during implementation.
  • Shall be willing to acquire skills in engendering the budget
  • The skills shall help us to overcome some of our challenges
Collaborators of the Council: 1)      The nature of the collaboration between the Buea Council and the above service is horizontal. MINPROFF is usually invited in Council sessions during Project Development, to give a view point.

2)      There is gender consideration in the collaboration

3)      The views of women are considered for example during celebrations like Women’s Day, the Council gives support and that the Women Empowerment Center is regularly supported by the council.

4)      Gender is important because women are the majority and women take care of the community

5)      Our collaboration can be engendered through education; by providing equal chances for all, no forced marriages, businesses places for women, land and inheritance rights, promoting women in decision-making positions etc.

6)      MINEPAT supports the Buea Council in project realization. That MINEPAT goes all over to gather project information that can enhance development.

7)      Gender is considered.

8)      MINEPAT  looks at gender considerations in terms of the impact of a project on the public

9)      Government depicts projects and MINEPAT does monitoring in different communities.

10)  We do just control and provide advice.

11)  Councils have their tender boards. That MINEPAT can enhance our collaboration with Councils through proper communication of the Growth and Strategy Paper, and to also provide them with technical advice when there is a need

Beneficiaries of Council Services:   Have fair knowledge on Council functions and of services provided by the councilv  Have  benefited from some council services like support given to women during Women Day activities, the construction of basic infrastructures like public toilets, market stores.

Have no knowledge about the Council budgetary process and have never been invited for it.

Did not vote during the 2013 elections because there is always rigging so she is not interested.

Shall run as a councilor in other to ensure the implementation of women’s project

Will also vote for a female councilor to increase their influence

Have little knowledge how the council functions but knows the council executes projects like grading of roads, cleaning of the town, build market shades and public toile

Have benefited from council services like collection of waste, and utilization of market structures

2 Ekondo Titi (Ndian Division)  Female Deputy Mayor:  
  • Handles town planning, collect market tolls, handles sanitation and social issues like Youth Day and Women Day activities.
  •  Partially consulted during budget preparation and her role is to give suggestions on issues that she handles as stated above.
  • The council always has the gender dimension in budgeting. This is by including the needs of women and others in every budgetary session, but the different target groups are not separated.
  • Bbelongs to groupings of Female Councilors and Mayors. She is a member of the tender board of Mayors where she represents the Ekondo Titi Mayor. She is also a member of the South West Association of Female Mayors.
  • Ensures that gender is always incorporated in the council budget. This is done by mainstreaming gender in all issues. At such the situation of gender has increased.
  • Gender should be incorporated because women and youth are the most vulnerable and marginalized.
  • A major challenge is to develop the spirit of advocacy in the different gender groups and to overcome traditional practices like limited economic and political powers allocated to women and the youth.
  •  Also enable women to develop more self-confidence. Also to stop early marriages.
  • To overcome these challenges, we need sensitization with targeted percentages to be realized, not just decisions on paper. We need government policies with the approved articles to be respected by all.

 

 Council Accountant:
  1. Gender places a role in his work and that of the council in general. That out of 25 workers, 11 are female and in the Finance Department there is one female cahier, one female clerk and one female finance agent.
  2. Beneficiaries are analyzed in terms of gender, since in budgeting Ekondo Titi Council always considers maternity leaves for women. Social issues like Women’s Day are always considered. Women forums benefit also. He said over 500,000 FRS was benefited last year women forums and an organization like the Council Women Association had 150,000 FRS. Some others also benefited.
  3. The Council analyzes in terms of gender. So they are gender responsive in budgeting
  4. The analysis is done quantitatively in Ekondo Titi and the frequency is every year.
  5. The role of the Treasurer is to provide statistics of beneficiary groups of the previous year so that the council can know whether to improve on services and how. The Treasurer also ensures the payment of staff benefits to insurance.
  6. The challenges include getting adequate number of beneficiaries in groups. If gotten, it helps in supporting quantitatively. They also envisage the challenge in getting groups registered in the council and other services around
  7. We envisage these problems because thorough findings and elaborate communication are not easily done about groups.
    1. In engendering the budget, the council should always invite the Treasurer and Finance Agents in all budget sessions
Council Collaborators: 
  • The relationship with the Ekondo Titi Council is cordial. MINPROFF is always invited for the Ekondo Titi Council budgetary sessions and the Council helps to sponsor Women Day activities, Rural Women Day and the Day of the Family. Also helps to give free legalization of marriages.
  • Gender considerations are important because it helps to reduce marginalization and ensure equality of all.
  • The council can further do promotion of gender by supporting women with equipment not only finance and could even help Common Initiative Groups(CIGs) to develop or increase in the council area.
  • Support to women does not go far to grassroots level but support to CIGs can go far, even to rural areas.
Council Beneficiaries:   The council functions with directives from the Mayor as the head. The other authorities have assigned roles while the staffs are delegated on assignments. Every year, a budget is developed and adopted by councilors during budgetary sessions. Various stakeholders are also invited for the budget adoption. Implementation of identified projects is then done.

The council provides support for infrastructure, education, health and other social support.

Have not benefited in any council service except from stipends in the cause of doing work.

Have no knowledge of the council budgetary process

Not consulted as a beneficiary group

The council provides infrastructure and  maintenance, clean the town, and provides holiday jobs.

3 Kumba I (Meme Division) Secretary General,
  • Budget building starts with an orientation meeting with stakeholders
  • Those involved in budgeting include the Secretary General (SG) who chairs in process, there is the Finance Clerk, the Treasurer, and the Mayor
  • The Finance Clerk provides administrative documents, the Treasurer complements and provides bank statements, while the SG builds the budget.
  • The target groups considered in budgeting are youths and women
  • The gender dimension is considered but timidly because there are few women who work in that domain and the few here are not proactive.
  •  The challenges in engendering our budget are having proactive men and available women
  • We need skills to engender our budget
  • Skills acquired shall make everyone to be proactive and to be engaged in collecting data on gender issues
Committee Chairpersons: :1)      Functions include to go through the books and give suggestions to improve work

2)      Regularly consulted in budgeting now, but not in the past

3)      All dimensions of gender are considered when presented

4)      Gender is important because it avoids marginalization of any group.

5)      Persons involve are the Secretary General (SG) as the Chairperson, the Mayor and the Finance Committee.

6)      Committees are not given attention because of administrative lapses

7)      The Council’s budget has very little gender dimension

8)      Very few proactive women and youths in the area to ensure that the Council budget

is gender sensitive.

9)      The Council periodically, provides support to the youth and physically challenged persons.

10)  Gender issues are not our regular needs so they have no place in the budget. Notwithstanding, the everyday needs like water, good roads, construction of markets, are of much more help but to the different gender groups since it ease their operations.

 

Collaborators of the Council:
  • See previous councils
Beneficiaries of Council Services:
  1. In the Council, the Mayor works with his deputies and Councilors to decide on issues. That a committee develops the administrative accounts and the budget. Then the Mayor and the Secretary General (SG) decide on the implementation. The council also invites some services to take decisions when necessary
  2. The services mentioned as provided by the council include road maintenance work, project realization like water, collection of Market tolls etc.
  3. Have benefited from Council services like payments of her meeting allowances
  4. Have no knowledge of the stages in the budget preparation.
  5. Regularly invited  to question issues during the budgetary session
  6. Contributes by  questioning issues for clarification
  7. Also gives advice during sessions
  8. Do not participate in the process or stages but during the last buildup session involving all.
4 Menji (Lebialem Division) Secretary General, 1) The budget building starts with an orientation meeting with stakeholders2) Persons involved include the SG as Chairperson, the Finance Clerk, the Treasurer, and the Mayor

3) The Finance Clerk provides administrative documents, the Treasurer complements and provides bank statements, while the SG builds the budget.

4) The target groups considered are; youths, women, – but the council is not very gender sensitive.

5)  The gender dimension was considered but these are not many because there are no women who work in that domain.

6) Female staff are not proactive.

6) The Council has a Communal Development Plan (CDP)

7) Nothing affects the CDP process on elaboration, implementation, monitoring and investment because nothing is talked about Gender Responsive Budgeting.

8) The challenges in engendering the budget here are having proactive men and available women

9) Said they need skills to engender their budget

10) Skills acquired shall make everyone to be proactive and to be engaged in collecting data on gender issues.

 

Committee Chairpersons:  Same as Ekondo Titi Council.
Collaborators of the Council: 1)      The nature of the collaboration between the Menji Council and the above service is horizontal, she said. MINPROFF is usually invited in Council sessions during Project Development, to give a view point.2)      That there is gender consideration in the collaboration

3)      The view of women is considered for example on water projects; women are the most touched, since they often go out for it. During celebrations like Women’s Day, the Council gives support. The Women Empowerment Center is run by the Mayor though the Center has a Director. But the Mayor is a vote holder.

4)      Gender considerations are very important

5)      Gender is important because women are the majority and women take care of the community

6)      Our collaboration can be engendered through education; by providing equal chances for all, no force marriages, businesses places be encouraged for women, land and inheritance right, promoting women in decision-making positions etc.

Beneficiaries of Council Services: Similar results from previous councils
5 Nguti (Kupe Muanenguba Division) Female Deputy Mayor:  
  1. Duties as the Deputy Mayor is to handle town planning, handle marketing, tolls, sanitation and social issues like Youth Day and Women Day activities.
  2.  Partially consulted during budget and her role is to give suggestions on related issues above.
  3. The council always has the gender dimension in budgeting. This is by including the needs of women and others in every budgetary session. But though trained on budget preparation, different target groups are not separated because if this is done, it becomes a stigmatization.
  4. Belongs to groupings of Female Councilors and Mayors. She is a member of the tender board of Mayors where she represents the Nguti Mayor. She is the Chairperson of the Electricity Committee and represents women. Also a member of the South West Association of Female Mayors.
  5. Gender be incorporated because women and youth are the most vulnerable and marginalized, so need to regular attention
  6. A major challenge is overcoming traditional practices that do not give women a place. Another one is enabling women to be proactive and stop being shy. Also to stop early marriages. And to enable men to give attention to gender issues and not deft ears as many do.
  7. To overcome these challenges, we need sensitization with targeted percentages to be realized, not just decisions on paper. We need government policies with the approved articles to be respected by all.

 

 Council Accountant:
  1. Gender plays a role in his work and that of the council in general. That out of 26 workers, 12 are female and in the Finance Department there is One female cahier, one female clerk and one female finance agent
  2. Beneficiaries are analyzed in terms of gender since in budgeting Nguti council always considers maternity leaves for women. Social issues like Women’s Day are always considered. Women forums benefited a lot. Last year they had 400,000 FRS. Organizations like the Council Women Association had 150,000CFA Frs. Some others also benefited.
  3. The council analyzes in terms of gender, in other to be gender responsive in budgeting
  4. The analysis is done quantitatively in Nguti and the frequency is every year.
  5. The role of the Treasurer is to provide statistics of beneficiary groups of the previous year so that the council can know whether to improve on services and how. The Treasurer also ensures the payment of staff benefits to insurance.
  6. The challenges include getting adequate number of beneficiaries in groups. If gotten, it helps in supporting quantitatively. They also envisage the challenge in getting groups registered in the council and other services around.
  7. We envisage these problems because thorough findings and elaborate communication are not easily done about groups.
  8. In engendering the budget, the council should always invite the Treasurer and Finance Agents in all budget sessions

 

Council Collaborators:
  • That their relationship with the Nguti council is cordial. MINPROFF is always invited for council budgetary meetings and the council helps to sponsor Women Day activities, Rural Women Day and the Day of the Family. Also helps to give free legalization of marriages.
  • That gender considerations are important because it helps to reduce marginalization and ensure equality
  • She mentioned that the council can further do promotion of gender by supporting women with tools not only finance and could even help CIGs to develop or increase in the council area.
  • That general support to women does not go far to grassroots level but support to CIGs can go far, even to rural areas.

 

 Council Beneficiaries: Similar to previous councils
6 TINTO (Manyu Division)  Secretary General   The budgetary process starts with mobilization of public-stakeholders (Taxation, businesspersons, women etc.) for the meeting. Next the elaboration by Council executive, then the Council session.v  Persons involved are the SG, the Treasurer, Municipal Service Heads and the Council Executives.

Shall be willing to acquire skills in engendering the budget

The skills shall help us to overcome short-comings

Committee Chairperson
  1. Not consulted during budget preparation but only adopts
  2. The Council has no gender dimension in its budget.
  3. The Council is negligent and lacks enough knowledge on gender issues
  4. Do not belong to any grouping of female councilors
  5. Gender issues are not considered in the Council budget since authorities do not see the need
  6. Gender should be incorporated in council budgets because it ensures justice, fairness and promotes equality.
  7. The challenges in incorporating gender include insuring that the authorities see the need for this and to encourage women to advocate regularly for this.
  8. To overcome these challenges, the authorities need to be trained on gender budgeting. We need to involve female councilors and some beneficiaries too in the trainings.
Beneficiaries of Council Services:   Do not know how the Council functions and not aware of services provided by the councilv  Have not benefited from the Council services; has no knowledge about the budgetary process and the last time she went in during the elaboration process was last two years and they were sent out because they were not invited. That the Council does not accept them.

Did  not vote during the 2013 elections because rigging would have made it to have no difference.

Shall run as a councilor in other to ensure the implementation of women’s project

Will also vote for a female councilor to increase their influence

Not aware how the council functions but knows the council executes projects like provision of classrooms, build market shades and toilets.

Has not benefited from council services

Has never been consulted during any budget session, though she was once a pioneer WCPDM member in Tinto

Shall vote any female candidate because their party is greedy to gender, so needs forceful persons to promote gender.

The council staff through directives from the Mayor, does tax control, and finances community projects.

Services provided by the councils are cleaning of the town, provision of infrastructure, and guide against destruction by animals.

Has benefited from a market shade provided by the council.

Has no idea on the budget preparation process and have never been consulted on this