Municipal Development Counselling (MUDEC) Group .:: MUDEC GROUP ::.
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    • Reducing poverty in our municipalities through encouraging gender equality and increasing citizen (End User) participation in democratic and governance processes.

Report On Gender Public Square(GPS) In Bangem




Report on the Gender Public Square (GPS) on Financing for Gender Equality in Bangem Council 

26th May 2014.



Track II Project to Institutionalize Gender Responsive Budgeting in Councils of the South West Region in Cameroon.

(77 64 94 30 / 94 34 43 52).


From: Charlie Mbonteh, Team Leader – MUDEC Group, Buea. 77 64 94 30 / 94 34 43 52

Date: 11th May 2014

Subject: Invitation to a 1 day Gender Public Square (GPS).

Dear Madam / Sir, You are hereby invited to take active part during a one day Gender Public Square on the 26th May 2014 at the Bangem Council Chambers beginning at 9am.

  • The Objective:  This forum is to discuss and adopt strategies which could enable the Municipal Council to increase Financing for Gender Equality.
  • Target Groups: Elected Councilors, Women & Youth Representatives.
  • Justification: After a recent study of 6 pilot councils in the region, MUDEC Group & Partners observed that local councils do not engage in gender disaggregated analysis thus their budgets largely do not carry specific activities that benefit a cross section of society including persons living with disabilities, widows, school drop outs and other socio-professional groups. It is within this mindset that this GPS is organized in Bangem for 30 participants including all female elected councilors.


v  All invited participants are requested to come along with photocopies of their National ID Cards.

v  All Female councilors should also bring along the 2014 Bangem Council Budget, the 2013 Administrative Accounts which were recently adopted.


Sincerely yours,

II. List of Participants:

Participants included elected Councilors, committee chairpersons, representatives of technical services as well as women, youth and socio professional groups.

No Names Town / Village Profession Contacts
1 Kanzelle Amate Ndibse Teacher 76 12 91 09
2 Ngolle Grace Muebah Councilor 74 03 72 99
3 SonAlobwede Florence Muambong Councilor 78 68 76 20
4 Ebude Abolle Katty Ntcho II Councilor 79 74 44 54
5 Sone Ahone Christiana Mbat Councilor 77 55 44 14
6 Ewanoge Emih Muambong Women’s Forum 50 95 90 85
7 Ngide Rose nange Ebamut Councilor 78 66 57 41
8 Mbongwe Philip Bangem Police 96 18 77 92
9 Nnane Judith Mbole Bangem Midwife 96 04 20 63
10 Tabi Anastasia Akang Ndibse Nurse 73 27 99 39
11 Mwene Joseph Membong Bangem MINADER 75 26 92 50
12 Nzouh Judith Mbolle Ekambeng Teacher 79 70 64 42
13 Mwene Agnes Senge Bangem WEC 51 40 53 08
14 Ehode Gladys Bangem Trader 77 70 31 89
15 Alame Elisabeth Ekambeng Bangem Forum 79 39 93 05
16 Nkale Alexander Ekane Ehum II Councilor 77 79 73 41
17 Nkwelle Evelyn Muambong Teacher 70 79 01 17
18 Sumelong George Mbuku Driver 75 93 27 10
19 Catherine Ewang Bangem MINEPAT 79 35 85 34
20 Ngide Agnes Bangem Women Forum 50 51 92 21
21 Enongenepie Mange Muetan 2nd Deputy Mayor 77 06 34 56
22 Martin Etone Bangem CAD (NGO) 77 31 31 20
23 Ntungwe Julius Bangem Councilor 78 85 00 01
24 Ekwoge Marcel Akwe Bangem MINAS 79 74 02 26
25 Asale Theckla Bangem WCPDM 79 70 40 55
26 Adille Sylvester Bangem Driver 76 16 81 79
27 Tanga Elizabeth Agi Bangem MINEPAT 90 56 38 20
28 Senge Doris Bangem BAWOFIG 78 25 58 36
29 Nkumbe Bridget Bangem Teacher 74 91 97 54
30 Epolle Anna Akang Bangem 1st Deputy Mayor 72 26 38 45













III. GPS Program:

Time Module
9 – 10 am
  • Arrival & Registration of Participants
  • Justification / Objectives of the GPS
  • Implantation of the Project Sign Board in Bangem Town
10 -10:30 am Coffee Break
10:30 – 12 pm Presentation of Gender Audit Findings conducted in 06 Pilot Councils of the South West (Buea, Nguti, Ekondo Titi, Menji, Tinto, Kumba I)
12 – 2 pm Discussions on Findings (challenges & gaps)
2 – 3 pm Lunch Break
3 – 5:30 pm Brainstorming and validation of Strategies to Increase Financing for Gender Equality in Councils.
5:30 – 6 pm Closing / Departure



IV. Background / Rational:

Background to the activity:

Findings from Field 6 Gender Responsive Budgeting (GRB) Pilot Councils:

v  Background;

In 2010, MUDEC received funding to facilitate an initiative of Increasing Accountability in Financing for Gender Equality in Local Councils of the South West Region of Cameroon. A study of 6 pilot councils (Buea for Fako, Ekondo Titi for Ndian, Kumba I for Meme, Menji for Lebialem, Nguti for Kupe Muanenguba and Tinto for Manyu Divisions) was carried out.

6 councils adopted Municipal Decisions Bearing on GRB in 2011. Popular Gender Audits (PGA) were conducted in the 6 councils within the framework of the execution of the EU funded PASOC project. In May & June 2014, through a financial support from the European Union Civil Society Strengthening Program (PASC), several research assistants were dispatched to these councils to collect data on the implementation (successes and challenges) of GRB.


i)             To ascertain the degree of implementation of Municipal Decisions bearing on GRB in 6 pilot councils.

ii)           To determine the challenges encountered by pilot councils in engendering their budgets.

iii)          To propose solutions to identified gaps.

The Scope (6 councils) :

Persons reached included Mayors, Female Deputy Mayors, Committee Chairpersons, and Councilors, Secretaries General, Female Municipal Treasurers, Female Development and Finance Agents, Finance Officers, Beneficiaries of Council Services, Council collaborators including MINPROFF, MINEPAT, MINAS, MINADER.

Findings :

a)    What Council Authorities say that they do in terms of GRB is not what is practiced (process and consultations).

b)   Councils do not have Gender Disaggregated Data on planning, implementation, monitoring & evaluation of council activities. Basic gender information is limited to Women Day, Labour Day, Youth Holiday Employment, Scholarships to Youths.

c)    Council staff do not master the skills to engender the budget (see Mayors’ Action Plans, & munities of issues raised during committee deliberations)

d)   Key collaborators / partners (MINPROFF, MINEPAT, MINAS, and PNDP) do not insist on gender disaggregation for council activities. They either lack the knowledge or the will. They might even be gender blind.

e)    Beneficiaries of council activities are either unaware or nonchalant on the need to track the gender composition of council activities.



Proposed Suggestions :

1)   Create & Support Functional Women Foundations for Inclusive Governance (WOFIG) in all municipalities in the region. These foundations will sustain the sensitization of the population and maintain regular advocacy for GRB in councils.

2)   Hold regular consultations (may be quarterly) between the Council Executive, Secretary General, Municipal Treasurer, and executives of WOFIG. The objectives will centre on planning, review and evaluation of GRB in their respective councils.

3)   Create & maintain a data base on Council Funding for Gender Equality.

4)   Disseminate copies of the draft Gender Policy for Cameroon and empower WOFIG members to implement the contents with local realities.

Major concerns from the field:

}  Challenges to access information from Councils and Supervisory Authorities.

}  Train Non State Actors (women, youth, and persons with disabilities) on how to make use of the recently created Administrative Courts to seek redress to gender gaps.

}  The need for a minimum qualification for being a Councillor / Mayor.

Based on the findings from the field and in an effort to localize the suggestions from the study, a Gender Responsive Budgeting (GPS) was organized in Bangem for 30 participants including all female elected councillors, representatives of technical services, women and youth groups, socio professional associations.



V. Main Objective: This forum was to discuss and adopt strategies which could enable the Bangem Council to increase Financing for Gender Equality.


Specific Objectives:

ü  To sensitize development actors (Local Administrators and Non State Actors) on the need to engender the budget of Bangem Council.

ü  To facilitate the implantation of functional gender platforms within Bangem Municipality.


VI. Plenary Presentation:

a)    Gender Responsive Budgetary Framework in Local Councils.

Specific Objectives:

  • Identify needs of men & women in the council budget items.
  •  Assess the gender dimension of the council budget.

b)   What is Gender Budgeting (GB) important?

  •  Expenditure and revenue that address gender inequality by identifying its impacts on women and girls/ men and boys.
  • Budget items reflect that the needs, interest and priorities of the disadvantaged gender (or social categories, boys/girls, men/women, aged, marital status).
  • GB reflects values, power relations and political priorities, as it has differential impacts on women and men.

c)    Budgets appear to be Gender neutral, why? They:

  • Are formulated on aggregate amounts and items, not people.
  •  Ignore the different social roles, responsibilities and capacities of women and men.  (Who contributes and enjoys what?)
  •  Have the same effect on everyone to serve the “public interest” and needs of all person.

v  No budget is gender neutral, if a budget is not gender focused then it is gender blind.

d)   Why gender Budgets.

  • To promote gender equality, empower the marginalized, raise the social and economic status of women and men.
  • To enhance participation, democracy and good governance, as budget policies articulate the voice and concerns of women and men.

e)    How do we measure gender dimension of a budget. (Gender audit)       

  • Self-assessment, identifying perceptions on how gender issues are addressed in internal organization and programming of activities.
  • Examine if activities in system address gender equality and empowerment.
  • Gender social audit or gender budget audit.
  • Elaborate a Gender Action Plan to mainstream gender.

f)     Gender Budget Audit:  

  • Evaluating the achievement of gender equality in the budgetary process and content.
  •  Content: Focus on amounts and patterns of expenditure and revenue which promote gender equality.
  •   Process level:  Focus on transparency and participation as entry points for influencing budget priorities, at each stage of intervention.

g)    Gender Audit Matrix: Actors in the Budgetary Process:

Phases Actors Gender ratios
Preparation Mayor

SG, finance clerk (FC), Municipal Treasurer (MT), councillors, SDO

Implementation Mayor

SG, finance clerk (FC), Municipal Treasurer (MT), finance controllers, councillors SDO

Consolidation and evaluation Mayor

SG, finance clerk (FC), Municipal Treasurer (MT), finance controllers, councillors SDO, state control



}  What about the Development Agent, Finance Agent

}  What about Non State Actors (women, youth, socio-professional groups?)

From the council organizational chart showing roles and responsibilities, identify the main actors in the budget process and complete the gender audit Metric table below:

Phases Actors Gender ratios Outcomes/results
    Men  Women     Equality  empowerment
Grand Total (%)        

NB: The mayor is also a councillor.


VII. Group work:


Analysis of the Budget Process in Bangem Council.


1 Preparation

–          Twelve females (32%)

–          Twenty six males (68%)

2    Preparation proper: thirty one (31) actors are involve

–          Twenty one males (68%)

–          Ten females (32%)

3 Analysis: Actor during analysis are as follows; Mayors, SG finance, clerk, development agent, councilors total sixteen (16).

–          5 females are involved (31%)

–          11 males are involved (69%).

4 Adoption: men (69%) women (31%).

5 Implementation: There are six (6) actors who implement the budget of which five are males (80%) and one is female (20%)

6 Consolidation: Those who are involved are 31 including 21 males (68%), 10 females (32%).

7 Approval: During the approval phase, the actors include 25 councilors and the supervisory authority; females constitute 31% while males constitute 69%.


Conclusion from the Analysis:

Despite the fact that women in Bangem municipality constitute more than 50% of the population, less than 30% of the key actors in the budgetary process are female they are found out that less than 3% of women are involved in the budgeting process in the Bangem Council.

Gender audit result is that the number of women participation in the budget process is 8 out of 31 council officials concerned in the policy making and execution of the budget. Gender ratio therefore stands at 1:3.

In conclusion, we observe that there is gender inequality thus there is need to empower women for decision making positions in Bangem Council.




VIII. Participants’ Reactions / Worries:


  • BAWOFIC: Inclusive Governance

Madame Ngallame Doris stood and elaborated much on inclusive governance. She started by saying that a woman is one who is capable of doing that which is necessary and productive. This is why we have women who are teachers, buyam sellam, farmers etc. Councilors have the right to meet the executive to ensure effective follow up. Women have to work hand in glove with the delegate of women empowerment so as to forge ahead. A woman should stop hindering a woman’s progress so as to strengthen a woman’s forum. A woman should learn to educate herself by reading extensively, instead of focusing only in the kitchen, farms or folding our hands.

Like the Sumediang women, BAWOFIG can equally engage in awarding scholarships to girl children especially the vulnerable in order to fill the gap between the rich and the poor. That BAWOFIG has the wish to construct toilets around the market.

  • Like Mr. Martin Etone, Mr. Muene reacted by encouraging BAWOFIG to form a cooperative in which they will have to seek for assistance from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.
  • The facilitator made it clear that there should be cooperation between the various clans in order to enhance effective development. He equally stated that BAWOFIG should not be politically based.
  • The 1st Deputy Mayor appreciated the efforts of both Madam Ngalame and the resource coordinator. She presented the gender committee members and ended with a sense of optimism towards the association.
  • The Delegate of Public Affairs reacted by pointing out that the handicapped or disabled were supposed to be invited in the seminar. This point was welcomed and given a positive response.


Participants Worries about Women Involvement in the Budgeting Phase:

  • Few women involved during community participation.
  • Low councilor’s participation at committee levels during deliberations.
  • Restriction of budgeting analysis to the finance committee. What about councilors in other committee?
  • How are councilors involved in budget implementation?
  • Some councilors vote the budget without proper understanding of the details. It was found useful to detail the budget to the understanding of all.
  • Need to put in place a councilor’s union in the division (Tombel, Bangem and Nguti)
  • Need to create food/ vegetable cooperatives.
  • Need to have Monitoring and Evaluation committee within the council to ensure follow up of activities of the council.







VII. Way Forward (ACTIONS ANEW!!):


To close the gap between where you are and where you want to be begin with the creation of 2 Gender Platforms in Bangem Council as follows:


Bangem Women Foundation for Inclusive Governance (BOWAFIC).

Constituent members:

No Name Position Profession Contacts
1 Ngalame Doris Senge Focal Person Teaching 78 25 58 36
2 Mbong Judith Secretary Teaching 79 70 64 42
3 Nnane Judith Financial Secretary Nursing 96 04 20 63/ 78 34 00 55
4 Nkwelle Evelyn Treasurer Teaching 70 79 01 17
5 Emih Ewanoge Adviser no 1 Retired civil servant 50 95 90 85
6 Ehode Gladys Adviser no 2 Butam sellam 77 70 31 89
7 Asalle Theckla Adviser no 3 Trader 79 70 40 55
8 CAD Adviser no 4 Botanist 77 31 31 20
9 Ekweh Divine Nnoko   Control Office 79 82 08 97




Gender Committee in Bangem Municipality:


No Name Function
1 Epolle Anna (Chairperson) 1st Deputy Mayor
2 Ngwees Christina Committee Chairperson
3 Ngalame Doris WOFIG Focal person
4 Enongene Agnes SD-MINPROFF
5 Nange Rose Ngide Councilor
6 Mesumbe Lucia Councilor
7 Nhon Mbulle Julius Councilor
8 Njumewang Margaret Women Rep.
9 Kang Primus Youth Rep.








BAWOFIG Action Plan for 2014: (to be completed during BAWOFIG enlarged meeting)

No Activity Responsible Deadline
  Secure copy of GPS Report from MUDEC.    
  Sensitize for BAWOFIG membership    
  Register BAWOFIG with the SDO    
  Develop Internal Rules & Regulations    
  Restitute workshop to female groups    
  Introduce focal team to council administration    
  Sign MOU with council team    
  Introduce Focal Team to Local Administrators    
  Propose timetable for meetings with SG/MT/Mayor    
  Community plan with : local media & churches    
  Disseminate The Gender Policy in Cameroon to groups in the municipality.


  Introduce BAWOFIG to the Parliamentarians and Senator from Kupe Mwanenguba Division.    
  Secure copies of the Bangem Communal Development Plan (CDP) & analyze the gender composition.    
  Review Log frames of MINFROFF, MINAS, MINADER in CDP    
  Hold meetings with council executive on the budget & Financing Gender Activities    
  Hold meetings with council executive on the Council Contracts & Gender Implications    
  Hold meetings with MINEPAT on the Public Investment Budget & Financing Gender in Bangem    
  Write Letters of collaboration to the MP, the Senator, and Elites of Bangem.    
  Develop a Communication Plan    
  Solicit funding from partners    







Strategies to Integrate WOFIG into the Planning of Activities of the Regional / Divisional Delegations of the Ministry of Women Affairs & the Family (MINPROFF)

Integrate project gains (WOFIG / Gender Committees) into MINPROFF Gender Policy in Cameroon

Solicit Linkages between WOFIG and the Department of Gender Studies at the University of Buea, South West Region

Coach on strategies to engender the Council Budget Process

Regularly Review the CDP & the MITEF with focus on Women Empowerment Log frame

Facilitate the mobilization & organization of WOFIG members for popular manifestations on inclusive governance

Develop Data base on Council Financing for Gender Equality

Sensitization of Female Councilors in each Division in Collaboration with the Women Education & Empowerment Program (WEEP)

Hold informal Preparatory & Sensitization Meetings with Mayors

Support gender sensitive analysis, gender budgeting and women’s empowerment in local development processes

Provide advice and support to local councils to ensure the full participation of women in policy consultation, policy development and policy review processes

Support the Ministry of Women’s Affairs & the Family and the Ministry of Territorial Administration & Decentralization to effectively plan, advocate for and implement gender sensitive perspectives, effective advocacy and initiatives to empower women and increase their participation in governance.

Develop guidance & training on gender mainstreaming for local authorities

Support mainstreaming of gender perspectives in the planning and implementation of all project activities



Guidelines for Engendering the Council Budget using the Budget Process

(Measurable Performance Indicators)

No Process Level Period Persons Involved How Involved Indicators for Council Authorities Indicators for WOFIG Expected Results
1 Consultations            
2 Draw up            
3 Deliberations            
4 Approval            
5 Execution /

M & E






Financing for Gender Equality in Bangem Council

 (The case of three key sectors from the Communal Development Plan)



                           Strategy Indicators Sources of Verification Assumptions
Level Formulation
Overall Objective Gender equality and equity increased


By 2015,at least 40%  of women in the municipality take decisions that favour them and have access and control over resources -Testimonies

-Administrative Reports

Negative cultural practices reduced
Specific Objective Empowerment of women personally, economically culturally socially and politically increased By 2015, at least 40% of women in the municipality are personally, socially, politically, economically and cultural empowered and less violated -Administrative reports


Negative cultural practices reduced
Results Assistance to widows increased At least 30% of widows receive assistance and can meet up with their daily needs -Testimonies

-Administrative Reports

Favorable policy framework

-solidarity among women ensured

Knowledge of women on their rights increased By 2014, at least 40% of women in the municipality know their rights and implement them -Testimonies

-Administrative Reports

Collaboration of all main stakeholders
Income level of women increased At least 40% of women increase their income level by at least 5% Yearly and use their income wisely -saving books


-Business Records

-favorable policy framework

-Solidarity among women ensured

– Enabling business climate

Education level of women and increased Enrollment of Girls in schools at all levels increase yearly by at least 5% and school drop outs reduced by at least 20% -Enrollment Registers

-Attendance book

Socio-cultural practices hindering the Girl child education reduced
Functional capacity of women empowerment center increased At least 60% of elaborated programs of women Empowerment center are realized yearly and trainees apply knowledge and skills acquired -Visits


-Administrative reports

Favorable policy frame work
R 1.Assistance to widows increased      
1.1 Organise widows into Common Initiative groups 10 From selected villages 300 000
1.2 Train widows on income generating activities 2 trainings for 10 CIGs From selected villages 4,000,000
1.3 Assist widows with capital to start small businesses 10 CIGS From selected villages 10 000 000
R2 Knowledge of women on their Rights increased      
2.1 Sensitise Women on their rights 8 sensitization meetings Bangem, Nninong,Mwambong, Nhia, Elung, Ebamut, Mbwogmut, Muetan 4,000,000
R3 Income level of women increased      
3.1 Train women on income generating Activities 20 Trainings for 500 women All villages 10,000,000
3.2 Support women with capital through credits to start small Businesses 500 Selected from all the villages 500,000,000
R4 Education level of women increased      
4.1 Sensitize the population on the importance of Girl Child Education 63 All villages 15 000,000
4.2 Award scholarships at all levels(primary, secondary, high school, and university) to promote the Girl Child Education 100 Selected from all the villages 10,000,000
R5.Functional capacity of women empowerment center increased      
5.1.Supply basic equipment 1 lot Women Empowerment center Bangem 10 000 000
5.2 Request for the transfer of  qualified staff 3 staff


Women Empowerment Center Bangem ( 2 trips to Buea and yaounde) 300 000



                           Strategy Indicators Sources of Verification Assumptions
Level Formulation
Overall Objective Living conditions of vulnerable persons improved By 2015, at least 40% of vulnerable persons have their basic needs yearly -Testimonies

-Administrative Reports

-Favorable policy framework
Specific Objective Social services to vulnerable persons improved At least 50% of vulnerable persons have access to social services -Administrative reports


Enabling  Economic and political climate
Results Data on vulnerable persons made available By 2015, Data on vulnerable persons made available and regularly updated -Data on vulnerable persons Documents properly stored
Social Centre put in place By 2013, at least 1  social Centre is put  in place and functional -Administrative Reports


Favorable Policy Framework
Assistance to vulnerable persons increased At least 30% of vulnerable persons receive assistance yearly (kind or cash)  

-Administrative Reports

Favorable policy framework

-Enabling economic conditions

R1 Data on vulnerable persons made Available      
1.1 Identify vulnerable persons 63 villages All the villages 5 000,000
1.2 Establish and update data (soft, Hard) 2  -soft & 2 hard Bangem 100,000
R2 Social Centre put in place      
2.1 Request for the construction of a Social Centre 1 Bamgem 100,000
2.2 Request for the transfer of Social Workers 4 Bamgem 100 000
R3 Assistance to vulnerable persons increased      
3.1 Provide wheel chairs, white Canes, tricycle, Food items etc. to vulnerable persons 200 Selected from all villages 10 000 000
3.2 Organise vocational training of vulnerable persons 10 Trainings All villages 5 000 000




                           Strategy Indicators Sources of Verification Assumptions
Level Formulation
Overall Objective Food stuff for consumption and sales regularly available in the Municipality At least 50% of the population consume at least 2 meals a day yearly -Testimonies

-Administrative reports

Favorable economic conditions
Specific Objective Agricultural production & productivity increased Crop yields increase by at least 5% yearly -Farm records

– Administrative reports

-Favorable climatic conditions
Results  Soil quality improved At least 40% of farmers use organic and inorganic fertilizers and increase their yields by at least 2% yearly -Farm visits

– Administrative reports

Bush fires reduced
Use of improved planting materials


At least  40% of farmers use improved planting materials each planting season Farm visits

– Administrative reports

Affordable planting materials made available
Use of pesticides increased Infestation by pest and disease reduced by at least 5% yearly Farm visits

Administrative reports

Epidemics reduced
Transportation  of crops improved At least 30% of farmers transport their crops using push trucks by 2014 Administrative reports


Enabling economic climate
Storage, processing and marketing of produce improved At least 40% of farmers store and process at least 30% of their produce before sales at good prices Testimonies


Administrative reports

Affordable storage and processing equipment made available
R1 soil quality improved      
1.1  train farmers on soil improvement methods 63 All villages 6.300 000
R2 Use of improved planting materials  increased      
2.1 sensitize farmers on the use of improved planting materials 63 All villages 3.150 000


2.2Distribute planting material to farmers Maize-6000kg, Cassava -200,000 cuttings, Plantain suckers- 20,000 yams setts-20,000 All villages 6.300,000
R3. Use of pesticides increased      
3.1 Train farmers on pest and disease control 63 All villages 6.300,000
R4 transportation of crops improved      
4.1  support farmers with push trucks through loans 500 Farmers Selected from all villages 30,000,000
R5 Storage, processing and marketing of produce improved      
5.1 Train farmers on storage processing and marketing of farm produce 63 All villages 6.300 000
5.2 link farmers up to processing equipment manufacturers All villages  
5.3  Construct Cocoa ovens 6 Selected villages 6,000,000
5.4 Construct warehouses 8 Selected villages 80,000,000
5.5 Organise farmers into marketing cooperatives 10 cooperatives Selected villages 1,000,000


Performance Assessment.

By Anu Vincent.

We carry out performance assessment to measure what has changed positively as a result of doing a given set of activities over a certain period. In the case of gender based results assessment in our councils, this will be based on the activities retained in the action plan for the year, mid- term or long term basis.

A useful starting point for such assessment in the council will be the communal development plan. Objectives in the plan envisage changes on a long term basis.  Results in the plan are changes that should occur to lead to the long term change. Activities are the concrete things that are done to cause change. These are usually stated in the form of micro projects.

Taking the example of a communal plan below:

Sector: Women Empowerment and Promotion of the Family

Overall Objective: Reduce social inequality for women (60% of women in the municipality enjoy their rights and assume their duties).

The specific objective that will enable us to reach this target in the objective is stated as:

Specific Objective: Reinforce social cohesion through improved gender equity and equality (Number of women actively participating in political and economic activities increases by 40% by end of 2015).

To attain the target in the specific objective we must achieve results e.g. :

Result 1: Participation of women in decision making is increased. (By end of 2014 at least 30% of positions in local decision making structures (the Council, traditional councils, associations etc.) are held by women.

Several activities will have to be realized to obtain the result and its target:

1.1.1: Sensitisation of the population on women and family rights

1.1.2: Organisation of trainings for women’s groups on rights and political participation

1.1.3. Lobbying of political parties and authorities on quotas for women’s representation

1.1.4. Organisation of trainings for women candidates for political office

In order to assess the achievement of the objectives, results and activities stated here above, we have to put in place a monitoring and evaluation system.

Monitoring is a continuous function that uses the systematic collection of data on specified indicators to provide management and the main stakeholders of an ongoing development intervention with indications of the extent of progress and achievement of objectives and progress in the use of allocated funds.

Evaluation is the systematic and objective assessment of an ongoing or completed project, program, or policy, including its design, implementation, and results. The aim is to determine the relevance and fulfilment of objectives, development efficiency, effectiveness, impact, and sustainability.

Monitoring and evaluation are done using indicators.

An indicator is a standard of measure. It is stated in terms of:

ü  Quantity

ü  Quality

ü  Time

ü  Location


Example from a Literacy Programme: 20% of previously illiterate women in Nkikoh Village are able to read and write simple sentences within 6 months of starting the program.

An indicator should be objectively verifiable.

}  It can be measured

}  It is clear

}  It is relevant

}  It is independent of  other indicators

}  It can be verified

For gender based performance measurement we have to ensure that:

  • Objectives, results, outputs (benefits from activities) are inclusive of desired gender targets.
  • Indicators can lead to a verification of positive changes in gender relations
  • Data  collected in the course of monitoring and evaluation is gender disaggregated

Finally it is important to always measure our performance because:

  • If you do not measure results, you cannot tell success from failure.
  • If you cannot see success, you cannot reward it.
  •  If you cannot reward success, you are probably rewarding failure.
  •  If you cannot see success, you cannot learn from it.
  • If you cannot recognize failure, you cannot correct it.
  •  If you can demonstrate results, you can win public support.

(Source: Adapted from Osborne & Gaebler 1992).


For Brainstorming & Reflections in Bangem:   

In the construction of a pit toilet regarding the Hygiene and Sanitation program of your council;

  • Distinguish between the two concepts, efficiency and effectiveness with regards to the execution of the gender budget.
  • Discuss the concept of efficiency and effectiveness in the allocation of such budget expenses.






Tradition and Cultural Perception

  • The traditional woman has been made to belief that politics and marriage cannot be merged.


  • Lack of adequate education submerges them into the political dictates of the men and most often they do more hand clapping and dancing to entertain the male audience at political rallies.

Poverty and lack of Finance

  • Most women are still heavily dependent on their husbands & male friends financially, and very few husbands especially will want to encourage their wives to get actively involved in politics.

Domestic and Social Constraints

  • Many women face the triple burden of attending to childcare,, household chores and livelihood including care of the sick and elderly person.
  • With such a workload, they have less time to devote to political post and the thought of her going into politics and running for any of these openings is a far-fetched imagination even when she is qualified to do so.

The P.H.D Syndrome

  • Women are themselves a major obstacle, and the evil side in all of these is called the P.H.D. or “Pull Her Down” syndrome, which has women working against each other.

The MAMI FOWL Syndrome

  • Women admire being the only one amongst men in high places. They do not groom others to replace or even compete with them. They scare away other women.

Political Environment

  • The uneven political playing field on which women are invited to compete acts as a deterrent to the women.
  • As a result of male dominance, political life is organized for male norms and values.




ü  No one shall be subjective to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

ü  Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each region.

ü  Everyone has the right to leave any Country including his / her own, and to return to his/her country.

ü  Everyone has the right to a nationality

ü  No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his / her nationality nor denied the right to change his / her nationality.

ü  Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality, tribe or religion, have the right to marry and found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.

ü  Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses

ü  The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the state.

ü  Everyone has the right to own property alone as in association with others.

ü  Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.

ü  Everyone, without any discrimination has the right to equal pay for equal work.

ü  Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for him / herself and his / her family in existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.

ü  Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his / her interests.

ü  Everyone has the right to education.



The Right to Vote and be Elected:

v  The convention obligates States parties in their constitutions and laws to take appropriate steps to ensure that women, on the basis of equality with men, enjoy the right to vote in all elections and referendums and also to be elected.

v  These rights must be enjoyed de jure (by law) and de facto (in actual fact or practically).

The Right to participate in formulation of government policy

v  This requires the state to ensure that women have the right to participate fully in and be represented in public policy formulation in all sectors and at all levels.


The Right to Participate in Non-Governmental, Public and Political Organizations

v  Political parties are an important vehicle in decision-making roles and so they as well as government ought to encourage the full and equal participation of women in their activities.

v  They must also ensure that women have an equal opportunity in practice to serve as party officials and to be nominated as candidates for election.



Formation of Political Parties

v  The law of 19th December 1990 on political parties clearly in section 2 grants freedom to all Cameroonian males or females to form and carry out political activities in the Country.

Eligibility into Post of President of the Republic

v  Every Cameroon man or woman in possession of his /her full civic rights has the rights to stand for the post of the President of the Republic irrespective of sex.



  • Women are more open to change.
  • Women can criticize intelligently while smiling.
  • Women are more concrete and practical.
  • Women are not interested in politicking but want results.
  • Women can perform better than men if they want to work.
  • Women bring more impact.
  • Women use knowledge more efficiently than a man because a man prefers to drink but women want to increase income.



v  Women should create powerful lobbying groups and mechanisms that will act as a fast track approach to increasing women’s access into the political arena. (Women Foundation for Inclusive Governance.. WOFIG)

v  Political parties, NGOs and even trade unions should help women within their organizations to systematically promote women’s participation from the bottom & upwards.

v  Women should get actively involved within the political parties and be responsible enough to take up leadership roles, and be part of the much needed support of an active women’s movement (WOFIG).

v  Women politicians from different parties should also be encouraged to get together and create a women’s voice, an eventually create a national forum for women (WOFIG).

v  Women should be able to gain confidence in women and efforts should be made to build the confidence of women to stand out and to run for offices (WOFIG).

v  Women should be able to review and challenge electoral processes and discriminatory practices that hunt women’s aspirations to decision-making, including violence against women.

v  WOFIG should facilitate the creation and functioning of a University Women forum.

v  WOFIG should use all women forums within the Region to disseminate information.

v  Women Political Leaders should use the media as much as possible (women friendly media; meeting houses, Church announcements ..etc).

v  Even though there is need to pursue numerical representation; women should also lobby for women representatives who will be effective in promoting gender equitable change (WOFIG).

v  The Divisional Delegations for Women Empowerment and the Family should facilitate the registration of women to vote.



Women interested in tabling their candidature for Council, Parliament & Senate should start the ground work now!!!




Bangem Women Foundation for Inclusive Governance


v  Analyze where you are as at 26th May 2014 .

v  Make Concrete Projections where you want to be as at September 30th 2018 & Beyond .

v  Elaborate Practical Strategies accompanied by a Follow-up Plan that will enable you to get to your 2018 Projections .


BAWOFIG & MUDEC Group, Buea.

……. Effectively Collaborating to ensure the Bangem Woman is visibly on the Decision Making Table in Bangem Municipality.

                               Let us stay connected, Why not?


For further information contact:

FIDA (International Federation of Women Lawyers) Cameroon:

P.O Box 126, Limbe, South West Region, Cameroon

TelL 237) 33 33  25 17

E Mail:

Contact person: Justice Mrs.Betty Luma (President)


MUDEC Group:

Charlie Mbonteh

Tel: 77 64 94 30 / 94 34 43 52 /



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